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HUNGARY: END OF AN ERA
Title:
SD
Summary: 8822B
Story No: w037533
Source: Not available
Aspect Ratio: 4:3
Date: 27/05/1988 04:00 AM
People:
Subscription:

}8822B HUNGARY: END OF AN ERA

27.5.88 (dur: 5 minutes 25 seconds / eng.sot:1 minute 8 seconds)

RR (reporter: Gaby Rado)

Story: The last major political upheaval in Hungary was the

uprising in 1956 and its subsequent suppression by Soviet

tanks. This time the dramatic change of government was

bloodless, but could be equally momentous. After more than

thirty years, Janos Kadar has fallen from power and been

replaced by Karoly Grosz. The new Communist Party leader is

known to favour political reform but musal also address the

mounting economic crisis in the country.

Shows: Janos Kadar presented with bouquet at end of Socialist

Workers' Conference; international press and media watching

monitor of conference; people read newspapers in street; Vox

Pops on fall of Kadar; Karoly Grosz interviewed by television

reporter; Tamas Kocsis, newspaper editor, SOT; file of Kadar

along street, greeting people, Kadar addressing conference;

Janos Berecz, Politburo member speaking at conference through

translator; dissidents' news conference; file 1956, street

fighting during uprising, Soviet tanks; Kadar with Krushchev;

file Kadar and General Secretary Mikhail Gorbachov and Raisa

in crowd; Budapest view; street scenes; poor district;

delapidated housing; elderly man; Gorgy Balo, political

analyst, SOT; tram and passengers disembark; shop windows;

shopper.

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Keywords: 1956, 27.5.88, 8822B, BALO,GORGY, BERECZ,JANOS, BOUQUETS, BUDAPEST, BUDAPEST STREET SCENES, BUILDINGS, CONFERENCES, DILAPIDATED, DISSIDENTS, EDITORS, GORBACHEV,MIKHAIL, GORBACHEV,RAISA, GROSZ,KAROLY, HOUSING, HUNGARIAN UPRISING, HUNGARY, INTERVIEWS, KADAR,JANOS, KHRUSHCHEV,NIKITA, KOCSIS,TAMAS, LOCATIONS, MONITORS, NEWSPAPERS, OLD PEOPLE, PASSENGERS, PKFS, POLITBURO, POVERTY, PRESS, PRO DEMOCRACY, READING, ROVING REPORT, SHOPPING, SOCIALIST WORKERS CONFERENCE, STREET SCENES, TANKS, TRAMS, USSR*, VOX POPS, WINDOWS
Subjects: Rebellions and uprisings, War and unrest, General news
Locations: Budapest, Hungary, Eastern Europe, Europe
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RR ROMANIA
Title:
SD
Summary: ROMANIA: SITUATIONER
Story No: w095679
Source: WTN-ALAN COLEGRAVE
Aspect Ratio: 4:3
Date: 17/12/1993 05:00 AM
People: Nicolae Ceausescu
Subscription:

9351B RR9351/B

17.12.93 ROMANIA: SITUATIONER

RR DURATION: 6 Mins 16 Secs / Eng.sot: None /

Romanian sot: 17 secs.

Four years ago, Romanian dictator, Nicolae Ceausescu was

overthrown in the bloodiest event in Europe since the

Second World War. But the revolution that ended his reign

of repression has brought mixed blessings. Along with a

market economy has come massive inflation, a drop in

production through inefficient industry and terrible

poverty for the country's gypsy population. Nevertheless,

for some, materialism is a welcome friend, with luxury

goods in many shops and an enticing, if precarious,

pyramid money scheme that has drawn investment from over

four-million people.

SHOWS:

Former Romanian dictator, Nicolae Ceausescu, alighting

from armoured vehicle following his arrest: views of his

executed body: crowd chanting: former Central Committee

building: former Securitate building: street scene:

market scene: woman weighing out potatoes: pensioner sot

(in Romanian with English translation): pile of

newspapers: road sign: burnt out car: wrecked building:

gypsies in depressed area: factory in Feini: factory in

Tirgoviste: factory in Brasov: street scene: Western

advertising signs: Benetton shop facade: woman at

shelves: price-lists: man counting money: woman at till:

various views of Coleus chain of shops: Caritas sign:

woman counting money: various views of people counting

money: woman writing a receipt: group of people waiting

for payout in savings scheme: new house under

construction in Cluj: child inhaling solvent: various

views of street children: interior of Charity home in

Bucharest with various views of inmates: former palace of

Ceausescu now called House of the Republic:

Bucharest: various views of studio of sculptor, Ion

Manrescu: various views of people tending graves in

Graveyard of the Heroes Bucharest:

(WTN-ALAN COLEGRAVE)

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Keywords: 17.12.93, 9351B, ARRESTS, BENETTON, BODIES, BRASOV, BUCHAREST, BURNT-OUT, CARITAS, CARS, CEAUSESCU,NICOLAE, CEMETERIES, CENTRAL CTTEE, CHANTING, CHILDREN, CLUJ, COLEUS, CONSTRUCTION, CROWDS, ECONOMY, EXECUTIONS, FACTORIES, FEINI, FOOD, GRAVES, GYPSIES, HOMELESS, HOUSE OF THE REPUBLIC, HOUSES, INFLATION, MANRESCU,ION, MARKETS, MONEY, NEWSPAPERS, OAPS, POTATOES, POVERTY, PRICES, ROMANIA, ROVING REPORT, SCULPTURES, SECURITATE, SHOPS, SOLVENT ABUSE, STUDIOS, TIRGOVISTE
Subjects: Economy, Business
People: Nicolae Ceausescu
Locations: Romania, Bucharest, Eastern Europe, Europe
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8939A
Title:
SD
Summary: 8939A
Story No: w042272
Source: Not available
Aspect Ratio: 4:3
Date: 22/09/1989 04:00 AM
People:
Subscription:

}8939A RR8939A - VARIOUS LOOKING INWARDS

22.9.89 (dur: 6 mins 38 secs/eng.sot 51 secs)

RR STORY: World attention has focused on the thousands of East

Germans who have fled their country for a new life in the

West. But just what effect will such an exodus have on the

internal policies of a government used to maintaining a

strict control on the lives of its citizens?

SHOWS: Refuse trucks returning from East Germany; People

crossing from E. Berlin to shop in the West; People greeting

one another on Austro-Hungarian border; (file) Berlin Wall

being built; aerial view of wall; (file) W. German SPD

leader, Hans Jochen Vogel being greeted by E. German leader,

Erick Honecker; Exterior E. German parliament; Empty

Honecker seat in parliament; Charite clinic; Hungarian travel

agency; E. German trade unionists in West; New motorway; Dr

Volker Gransow, Free University sot; EEC office in W. Berlin;

people in shops; anti-government demonstration in Leipzig;

Opening of TV news; CDU party conference; Volker Ruhe

speaking; Border guards.

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Keywords: 1960S, 22.9.89, 8939A, AIR VIEWS, BERLIN WALL, BORDERS, BUILDINGS, CHARITE CLINIC, CHECKPOINTS, CLINICS, COMMUNISM, CONSTRUCTION, DEMONSTRATION, E BERLIN, E EUROPE, E GERMANY, EMPTY, E-W, GRANSOW,VOLKER, GUARDS, HONECKER,ERICH, HUNGARY, INTERIORS, LEIPZIG, NEWS, OPENING TITLES, PARLIAMENTS, REFORMS, ROVING REPORT, RUHE,VOLKER, SEATS, SHOPPING, SHOPS, TRADE UNIONS, TRAVEL AGENTS, TV, UNIFICATION, VOGEL,HANS-JOCHEN, VOLKSKAMMER, W BERLIN, W GERMANY
Subjects: Communism, Government and politics
Locations: Germany, Berlin, Hungary, Western Europe, Europe, Eastern Europe
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W Germany: Refugees
Title:
SD
Summary: First Train With East German Refugees Arriving
Story No: X06762
Source: WTN
Aspect Ratio: 4:3
Date: 05/10/1989 00:00 AM
People:
Subscription:

Full Story: w045589

GNS G09108901

09/10/1989

NB. Now on Beta Digi Pal tape in the library

}QUOTE REF THOUSANDS FLEE EAST GERMAN PARTY: EAST BERLIN, LEIPZIG,

GS09108901 PRAGUE, CINOVEC, HOF AND NEW YORK. East Germany's 40th

9.10.89 birthday celebrations turned into a nightmare, with tens of

thousands of residents fleeing to the West, riot police

clashing with the biggest street demonstrations since 1953

and the reforming leader of the Soviet Union turning up to

warn the ailing president: "When you fall behind, you are

punished life". Erich Honecker insisted that the German

Democratic Republic would survive the drain of "refugees"

deserting the hardline Communist nation through Hungary,

Czechoslovakia and Poland and his security forces moved

quickly to put down the chanting demonstrators in a clutch of

cities.

** **

5.10.89. HOF, W.GERMANY. First train arriving at Hof, people

cheering, refugees waving. Man crying while eeating. Man hugs

crying man. West German flag waved on platform. Refugees

given food. Second train arrives, refugees waving. Hof

station sign PAN to people on platform. Family waves and

hugs. GV of platform and food stands. Child given food. Man

child wait by train. Children eating. Couple, man crying.

Carriages and clothes. Child looking at clothes, Women

looking at clothes. (WTN)

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Subjects: Refugees, Children, International incidents, War and unrest, General news, Refugees, Human welfare, Social issues, Social affairs
Locations: East Germany
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Berlin Wall Clipreel: Part 3
Title:
SD
Summary: Welcome To West Berlin
Story No: X03675
Source: WTN
Aspect Ratio: 4:3
Date: 18/11/1989 00:00 AM
People:
Subscription:

welcomers standing on wall

banner saying 'welcome to West Berlin' (in German)

crowds continue arriving

guard standing by watch tower

people and cars crossing bridge

billboard with DDR logo and east berlin border sign

pb to crowds walking to border

woman having passport checked at booth and walking

across laughing

gvs others having passports checked and crowds

walking through

cu guard surveying scene

people in crowds waving and laughing

press filming

guard watching cu

press filming

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Locations: Berlin
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Berlin Wall Clipreel: Part 8
Title:
SD
Summary: Riot Police, People Trying To Look Through Small Hole In Wall, Brandenburg Gate, Berlin Street
Story No: X03680
Source: WTN
Aspect Ratio: 4:3
Date: 18/11/1989 00:00 AM
People:
Subscription:

man struggling on wall

ws soldiers standing on wall

riot police with helmets and shields in front of wall

gvs crowds standing around

people trying to look through small hole in wall

view through the hole

ws pan across wall

man trying to lift himself up on to wall at

soldiers telling him to get down

soldiers helping woman to climb down off wall

pan down from the sun to soldiers standing on wall

pan back up to sun and zoom in

sunset: people walking down wide Berlin street

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Subjects: Riots, Political and civil unrest, General news
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POLAND: STRIKES
Title:
SD
Summary: 8836A
Story No: w038462
Source: Not available
Aspect Ratio: 4:3
Date: 02/09/1988 04:00 AM
People: Lech Walesa
Subscription:

}8836A 8836A - POLAND: STRIKES

2.9.88 (dur: 8 minutes 1 second/English speech:none)

RR Story: Poland has been suffering its worst labour unrest

since the independent trade union federation. Solidarity,

was formed in 1981. A wave of strikes has swept the country

in support of demands for official recognition of Solidarity

- which was banned in 1982 - and for higher wages. Many

people are unhappy at the Polish government's economic

reforms which have been sent inflation rocketing to about 60

per cent.

Shows: (file 1980) Lech Walesa being chaired by supporters;

Walesa arriving for this week's talks with government; (file

1980/81) Lenin shipyard, Gdansk; striking workers clapping;

Walesa speaking; vs people queuing in shops; Polish leader

General Jaruzelski speaking on TV; Walesa signs Gdansk

agreement; Walesa being tossed in air by supporters; Walesa

sitting alone; demonstration being broken up by riot police

in Victory Square, Warsaw; woman lays flowers in square;

square being boarded up by workmen; Solidarity HQ in Warsaw;

Walesa at home; Walesa using scythe; (1988) Solidarity

strikers at Lenin shipyard; foundry workers; woman counting

money; shop; night shots Solidarity rally; mass for strikers;

Polish TV announcer; colour still Polish interior minister

General Kiszczak; Walesa after talks with government; Walesa

with Solidarity officials; workers waiting outside; strikers

wrapping up flags, taking down banners.

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Keywords: 2.9.88, 8836A, AGREEMENTS, AT NIGHT, BANNERS, BOARDED UP, CLEARING UP, COUNTING, DEMONSTRATION, ECONOMY, FLAGS, FLOWERS, FOUNDRIES, GDANSK, GOVERNMENTS, HQS, INDUSTRIAL DISPUTES, INFLATION, JARUZELSKI,WOJCIECH,GEN, KISZCZAK,CZESLAW*, LENIN SHIPYARD, MASS, MEETINGS, MONEY, PAY, POLAND, QUEUES, REFORMS, RIOT POLICE, ROVING REPORT, SCYTHES, SHOPS, SIGNINGS, SOLIDARITY, TRADE UNIONS, VICTORY SQ, WALESA,LECH, WARSAW
Subjects: Shipbuilding, Transportation equipment manufacturing, Transportation and shipping, Industrial products and services, Business, Trade agreements, Trade policy, International trade, Economy, Trade policy, Economic policy, Economic policy, Government business and finance, Government business and finance, Government and politics, Economic policy, Government policy, Trade agreements, International agreements, International relations, Riots, Political and civil unrest, General news
People: Lech Walesa
Locations: Poland, Eastern Europe, Europe, Warsaw, Gdansk
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G11069009
Title:
SD
Summary: Moscow Warsaw Pact meeting
Story No: w044148
Source: Not available
Aspect Ratio: 4:3
Date: 11/06/1990 04:00 AM
People: Mikhail Gorbachev
Subscription:

}QUOTE REF RUSSIA: Warsaw Pact leaders, in Moscow, begin

GS11069009 transforming their alliance from a military to a

11.6.90 political body. Meeting includes de Maiziere, Jaruzelski

Mazowiecki, Gorbachev, Iliescu and Ryzhkov.

Date Shot: 7.6.90

DFF/TSS 1.10mins

GS TAPE & CASSETTE GS110690 t/i

-------------------------------------------------------------

SHOWS

RUSSIA 7.6.90 GV Warsaw Pact meeting: E.German Premier, Lothar

Moscow de Maiziere: Polish President, Wojciech Jaruzelski and

Polish Premier, Tadeusz Mazowiecki, walking in: CU

Mazowiecki: Soviet President, Mikhail Gorbachev: Romanian

President, Ion Iliescu: GV Soviet Generals: GV meeting:

CU Iliescu: Mazowiecki and Jaruzelski: Gorbachev and

Soviet Premier, Nikolai Ryzhkov: GV meeting:

GS11069009

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Keywords: 11.6.90, DE MAIZIERE,LOTHAR, E EUROPE, E GERMANY*, G11069009, GORBACHEV,MIKHAIL, GS, ILIESCU,ION, JARUZELSKI,WOJCIECH,GEN, MAZOWIECKI,TADEUSZ, MEETINGS, MOSCOW, POLAND*, ROMANIA*, RYZHKOV,NIKOLAI, USSR, WARSAW PACT
People: Mikhail Gorbachev
Locations: Germany, Poland, Moscow, Romania, Western Europe, Europe, Germany, European Union, Eastern Europe, Poland, Russia, Russia, Russia and CIS
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Bulgaria Reform
Title:
SD
Summary: Bulgarian Communists Bow To Popular Demands
Story No: X06698
Source: WTN
Aspect Ratio: 4:3
Date: 27/11/1989 00:00 AM
People:
Subscription:

Full Story: w046086

27/11/1989

N.B. A Beta SP copy of this tape is held in the library

}QUOTE REF

GS27118906 Thousands of Bulgarians took to the streets on November 20 in

27.11.89 support of the governments new programme of reform. In the

towns of Russa and Vraca crowds of banner waving people

expressed their support for the new government of Petar

Mladenov. The demonstrations were in direct contrast to

protests held two days earlier as the fledgling opposition

drew a crowd of 100,000 in the capital Sofia, demanding

immediate free elections and charging the family of former

leader todor Zhivkov with moral financial corruption. It was

the largest political demonstration ever seen in post-war

Bulgaria.The Nov. 20 rally coincided with demands from

reformers in bulgarias new leadership for an end to the

dominace of the Communist Party and for new laws to prevent a

return of conditions that prevailed under Zhivkov. Andrei

Lukanov, elected to the Politburo on Nov. 17, said that the

roles of government and party must be clearly definded.

Date Shot:20/25.11.89

WTN GS TAPE & CASSETTE GS271189

** **

-------------------------------------------------------------

25.11.89 SOFIA. Petrov addressing rally. Night shots sofia

university. University entrance sign. Ecoglasnost supporters

entering hall. GV platform with banner. Secretary Alexander

Karakachanov at microphone. Ballot box on table. show of

hands. Information spokesman dmitrina Petrova at microphone.

People signing petition. (WTN)

GS27118906

G27118906 / 27.11.89 / GS / BULGARIA / SOFIA / REFORMS / COMMUNISM / COMMUNIST PARTY / RUSSA / VRACA / CROWDS / BANNERS / MLADENOV,PETAR* / DEMONSTRATION / ELECTIONS / PRO DEMOCRACY / ZHIVKOV,TODOR* / CORRUPTION

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Subjects: Protests, Civil disorders, Political unrest, War and unrest, General news
Locations: Sofia
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FRANCE: SUMMIT ON EUROPE
Title:
SD
Summary: SUMMIT ON EUROPE MAKES HISTORIC PROGRESS
Story No: w046859
Source: TDF POOL
Aspect Ratio: 4:3
Date: 26/11/1990 00:00 AM
People: Mikhail Gorbachev, George Bush, Margaret Thatcher
Subscription:

}QUOTE REF SUMMIT ON EUROPE MAKES HISTORIC PROGRESS: The 34-nation

GS26119009 conference on Security and Co-operation (CSCE) ends with

26.11.90 leaders of East and West jubilant at their new harmonious

relationship but still struggling for consensus on how to

get Iraq out of Kuwait. Mitterrand, Kohl, Bush, Thatcher,

Havel and Gorbachev sign agreement, consigning Cold War to

history. Date Shot: 20.11.90

TDF POOL 1.14mins

GS TAPE & CASSETTE GS261190

** **

-------------------------------------------------------------

FRANCE 20.11.90 Exteriors Versailles Palace: arrivals: Soviet

Paris President, Mikhail Gorbachev and wife, Raisa: German

Chancellor, Helmut Kohl, and wife: US President, George Bush

and wife, Barbara: British PM, Margaret Thatcher and Foreign

Sec. Douglas Hurd: GVs of leaders at dining table:

21.11.90 GV Leaders around conference table: French

President, Francois Mitterrand, signs final declaration:

Kohl signs: Bush signs: Thatcher signs: Czech PM, Vaclav

Havel, signs: Gorbachev signs: GV Francois Mitterrand, sot

(in French) declaring the conference closed: leaders applaud:

GS26119009

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Keywords: 26.11.90, AGREEMENTS, BRITAIN*, BUSH,BARBARA, BUSH,GEORGE, CEREMONIES, CONFERENCES, CSCE, CZECHOSLOVAKIA*, E-W, FRANCE, G26119009, GERMANY*, GORBACHEV,MIKHAIL, GORBACHEV,RAISA, GS, HAVEL,VACLAV, HURD,DOUGLAS, KOHL,HANNELORE, KOHL,HELMUT, MITTERRAND,FRANCOIS, PARIS, SIGNINGS, SUMMITS, THATCHER,MARGARET,LADY, USA*, USSR*, VERSAILLES, WIVES
Subjects: Summits, General news, Summits, International relations, Government and politics
People: Mikhail Gorbachev, George Bush, Margaret Thatcher
Locations: Europe
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