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Egypt Tunisia
Summary: Arab League chief comments on Tunisia crisis
Story No: 671988
Aspect Ratio: 4:3
Date: 01/15/2011 01:23 PM
People: Amr Moussa, Zine El Abidine Ben Ali


1. Arab League Secretary-General Amr Moussa arriving at news conference

2. SOUNDBITE (Arabic) Amr Moussa, Arab League Secretary-General:

"It is an historical development of events. We are about to leave an era and start a new one in Tunisia, the first thought which strikes my mind now is to present our deepest condolences for families of the victims of the last few days of protests. We are deeply sorry for the loss of these people this way. Secondly, we have to look ahead and look to the future."

3. Mid of press conference


The Arab League called on Saturday call for peace among all political forces in Tunisia, where a popular rebellion forced the President to flee the country on Friday for Saudi Arabia.

Unrest engulfed Tunisia on Saturday after Zine El Abidine Ben Ali was forced to flee after 23 years of iron-fisted rule.

A written statement by the League also urged Tunisians to work together to reach a national consensus in order to put an end to the current political crisis.

"It is an historical development of events," Arab League Secretary-General Amr Moussa told reporters on Saturday. "We are about to leave an era and start a new one in Tunisia."

Moussa expressed his condolences to the victims of the riots that engulfed the Mediterranean country.

The head of the Constitutional Court declared on Saturday that Ben Ali has left office for good, not temporarily, negating the prime minister's move to assume power.

The speaker of the lower house of parliament, Fouad Mebazaa, temporarily took the highest office and he has two months to organise new elections.

Anger over corruption and the lack of jobless ignited a month of protests, but Ben Ali's departure - a key demand of demonstrators - has not calmed the unrest.

In the last 24 hours, gunfire, looting and arson have erupted.

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People: Amr Moussa, Zine El Abidine Ben Ali
Organisations: Arab League
Locations: Cairo, Egypt
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Egypt Protest
Summary: Doctors show video said to be of protester who set himself on fire
Story No: 672234
Aspect Ratio: 4:3
Date: 01/17/2011 04:14 PM
People: Zine El Abidine Ben Ali, Hosni Mubarak


1. Video images said to be of man who set himself on fire, named as Abdou Abdel-Monaam Hamadah, as shown on screen at press conference held by doctors

2. Pan of press

3. Exterior Mounira Hospital

4. SOUNDBITE: (Arabic) Abdel Rahman Shahin, Egyptian Ministry of Health spokesman:

"The primary examination shows that the percentage of burns was 15 percent and after 3 or 4 hours and after giving him special medication, the percentage of burns was found to not exceed 5 percent."

5. Wide of Mounira Hospital


An Egyptian man set himself on fire on Monday outside the country's parliament, security officials said, in an apparent protest emulating the self-immolation of an unemployed Tunisian man last month that helped trigger a popular uprising.

At the Mounira hospital in Cairo, doctors showed images of the man on a video screen, as he was being treated.

He suffered light burns, mostly to his face, neck and legs.

Egyptian security officials have identified the man as Abdou Abdel-Monaam Hamadah, a 48-year-old owner of a small restaurant from Qantara, an area close to the Suez Canal city of Ismailia east of Cairo.

They said Hamadah was protesting a government policy preventing restaurant owners from buying cheap subsidised bread to resell to their patrons.

A subsidised loaf of typical Egyptian flat bread sells for about 1 US cent, but sells for five times that much to restaurant owners.

Hamadah asked policemen guarding the parliament building to meet speaker Fathi Sorour, officials said.

When they refused, Hamadah stepped back, took out a bottle filled with petrol from his pocket, doused himself with the liquid and set himself alight.

The policemen and passing motorists rushed to him with fire extinguishers to put out the flames.

The officials spoke on condition of anonymity because they were not authorised to brief the media.

Hamadah's act follows that of Tunisian Mohamed Bouazizi, a 26-year-old with a university degree, who set himself on fire after police confiscated the fruits and vegetables he was selling without a permit.

He later died in a hospital near Tunis, and his desperate act touched a nerve with educated, unemployed youths nationwide in Tunisia, and sparked the mass protests that toppled President Zine El Abidine Ben Ali.

It also follows a similar act in Algeria on Saturday. Algeria's Liberte daily said that a 37-year-old man set himself alight over the weekend in a village near the Tunisian border, and died hours later in the hospital.

News of the Tunisian uprising has dominated the Egyptian media over the past few days, with opposition and independent newspapers lauding the fall of Ben Ali and drawing parallels between his toppled regime and that of Egyptian President Hosni Mubarak, who has ruled for nearly 30 years.

Egypt has posted impressive economic growth rates over the past few years, in part fuelled by a host of ambitious reforms.

The growth however has failed to filter down to many of the estimated 80 million Egyptians.

Nearly half of all Egyptians live under or just below the poverty line set by the U.N. at 2 US dollars a day.

Mubarak and his ruling National Democratic Party have been pledging to ensure that the fruits of economic reforms benefit more Egyptians.

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Subjects: Fires, Rebellions and uprisings, Accidents and disasters, General news, War and unrest
People: Zine El Abidine Ben Ali, Hosni Mubarak
Locations: Cairo, Egypt
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Egypt Mubarak Profile
Summary: AP looks back on President Mubarak's political career
Story No: 674158
Source: AP TELEVISION, Various
Aspect Ratio: 4:3
Date: 02/01/2011 11:16 PM
People: Hosni Mubarak, Yitzhak Rabin, Warren Christopher, Bill Clinton, Yasser Arafat, George W. Bush, Ahmed Nazif, Angela Merkel, Benjamin Netanyahu, Nouri al-Maliki, Nicolas Sarkozy, Jose Zapatero, Shimon Peres, Hillary Clinton, Barack Obama, Mahmoud Ahmadinejad


++: NB: This stories duration is to long to ingest on AP website++


Dates, Locations unknown

1. Various still photos of late President Anwar El Sadat and Hosni Mubarak


Cairo, Egypt - 6 October 1981

2. Military aircraft fly low overhead during military parade

3. President Anwar Sadat sat next to Hosni Mubarak then Vice President

4. Various military firing guns from a truck

5. Vice President Mubarak being rushed to safety

6. Various Sadat on stretcher being rushed away


Cairo, Egypt - 1994

7. Egyptian President Hosni Mubarak, late Israeli Prime Minister Yitzhak Rabin and US Secretary of State Warren Christopher

8. Cutaway of officials


Cairo, Egypt - 1994

9. Mubarak walking into conference hall with King Hussein of Jordan ++MUTE++


Addis Ababa, Ethiopia - 26 June 1995

10. Pull out to wide shot of lead car in Mubarak's motorcade after assassination attempt

11. Dead bodies

12. Bullet holes in Mubarak's armoured car


Cairo, Egypt - 26 June 1995

13. Various Mubarak arriving back in Cairo after assassination attempt on him in Addis Ababa

14. SOUNDBITE: (English) Hosni Mubarak, Egyptian President:

"Suddenly I found a blue van blocking the road and somebody just flat on the ground and machine guns started. For me it was shocking. What's that? Then I realised there were bullets coming in our car."


Cairo, Egypt - Late 1990s

15. Wide of delegates at Organisation of African Unity (OAU) summit

16. Mubarak addressing opening of OAU summit


Sharm el Sheikh, Egypt - 1996

17. Flags outside summit venue

18. Wide of summit delegates

19. Wide of US President Bill Clinton, Egyptian President Hosni Mubarak, Russian President Boris Yeltsin, Palestinian leader Yasser Arafat, pan left of other delegates


Cairo, Egypt - April 1996

20. Various of Mubarak at "Africa Free of Nuclear Weapons" summit


Cairo, Egypt - 1998

21. Arafat seated for talks with Mubarak


Cairo, Egypt - 1999

22. Wide of Mubarak arriving at Egyptian Parliament

23. Wide of parliament

24. Close of Mubarak speaking


Cairo, Egypt - 2000

25. Exterior shot of Presidential Palace

26. Mubarak meeting with Syrian President Hafez El Assad


Cairo, Egypt - 2000

27. Exterior shot of Presidential Palace

28. Photo-op with Mubarak, Bill Clinton and Yasser Arafat (in an attempt to advance Middle East peace process)


Taba, Egypt - October 2004

29. Damage to Taba Hilton hotel

30. Body being removed in aftermath of explosion


Cairo, Egypt - November, 2004

31. Various of Mubarak at Arafat's funeral procession


Cairo, Egypt - May 2005

32. Various Muslim Brotherhood supporters protesting to demand political reform


Cairo, Egypt - 30 March 2004

33. Various pro reform protesters shouting "kifaya" (enough)


Cairo, Egypt - 7 September 2005

34. Mubarak voting in Egypt's first ever contested presidential elections


Rafah (Egyptian side of border town) - January 2008

35. Various of street streaming with Palestinians


Cairo, Egypt - January 2008

36. SOUNDBITE (Arabic) Hosni Mubarak , Egyptian President

"I told them to let them come in and eat and buy food and then return them later as long as they were not carrying weapons."


Sharm el Sheik, Egypt - 16 January 2008

37. Various of Mubarak with US President George W. Bush


Cairo, Egypt - 6 March 2010

38. Zoom in of Nile News newsreaders at start of news bulletin

39. SOUNDBITE (Arabic) Male Nile TV Newsreader:

(Audio partly overlaid with next next shot)

"President (Hosni) Mubarak is today undergoing gall bladder surgery at Heidelberg University Hospital in Germany and that is after medical tests confirmed the president was suffering from severe inflammation of his gall bladder. President Mubarak has issued Executive Decree No. 60 for the year 2010 which states that Prime Minister Ahmed Nazif will exercise all presidential powers, according to Article 82 of the constitution until the President returns from his trip."


Heidelberg, Germany - 5 March 2010

40. Mubarak in Heidelberg, being greeted by officials


Berlin, Germany - 4 March 2010

41. Various of Mubarak with German Chancellor Angela Merkel during news briefing


Heidelberg, Germany - 6 March, 2009

42. Various exteriors of University Hospital Heidelberg


Cairo, Egypt - 29 December 2009

43. Various of Mubarak meeting Israeli Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu ++MUTE++

44. Exterior of Presidential Palace


Cairo, Egypt - 21 December 2009

45. Various of Mubarak in meeting with Iraqi Prime Minister Nouri al-Maliki, also attended by Egyptian Prime Minister Ahmed Nazif (left)


Paris, France - 14 December 2009

46. Mubarak's convoy arriving at Elysee Palace

47. Guard of Honour

48. Mubarak meeting French President Nicolas Sarkozy


Madrid, Spain - 24 November 2009

49. Exterior of Presidential Palace

50. Mubarak meeting Spanish Prime Minister Jose Luis Rodriguez Zapatero


Cairo, Egypt - 22 November 2009

51. Mubarak meeting Israeli President Shimon Peres


Cairo, Egypt - 22 November 2009

52. Various of Peres and Mubarak arriving at joint news conference

53. Peres and Mubarak listening as question is asked


Cairo, Egypt - 22 November 2009

54. SOUNDBITE: (Arabic) Hosni Mubarak, Egyptian President:

"Jerusalem is not only a Palestinian issue, but an issue which is important to every Muslim in the world, and if we do not reach a solution to the Jerusalem problem, Israel will be an enemy for every Muslim."

55. Media listening


Cairo, Egypt - 4 November, 2009

56. Various of Mubarak meeting with US Secretary of State Hillary Rodham Clinton


Cairo, Egypt - 4 June 2009

57. Wide exterior of Qubba Palace with honour guard

58. US President Barack Obama greeting Mubarak on steps of palace


Cairo, Egypt - 4 June 2009

59. Mid of band playing

60. Mid of Obama and Mubarak standing, entering palace


Cairo, Egypt - 4 June 2009

61. Various of Obama and Mubarak seated for talks

62. Mubarak, pull out to mid of hand shake


Cairo, Egypt - 28 January 2011

63. SOUNDBITE (Arabic) Hosni Mubarak, Egyptian President:

"Today, I have asked the government to offer its resignation. As of tomorrow, I shall give the new government clear and particular tasks to deal decisively with the priorities of the current situation. I say once more that I shall not hesitate in taking any decision which guarantees every Egyptian man and woman their security and safety. I shall defend Egypt's security and stability, and the safety of its people."



President Hosni Mubarak - known as Egypt's great survivor - said on Tuesday he would not run for a new term in office in September elections, but rejected demands that he step down immediately and leave the country, vowing to die on Egyptian soil.

After ruling for more than a quarter-of-a-century, the announcement came after a dramatic day in which a quarter-of-a-million protesters called on him to go.

In a televised address Mubarak said he would serve out the rest of his term working to ensure a "peaceful transfer of power" and carry out amendments to rules on presidential elections.

Born in 1928 in the village of Kafr el-Moseilha in the Nile delta province of Menoufia, Mubarak rose through the ranks of the Air Force when Egypt was locked in conflict with Israel, eventually becoming Air Chief Marshall after the Yom Kippur or Ramadan war 1973, in which Egypt reversed some of the humiliation of the 1967 Six Day war defeat.

He became President Anwar Sadat's trusted Vice-President in 1975.

Six years later at a military parade, Mubarak was rushed to safety as Islamic militants sprayed the leaders' podium with bullets, assassinating Sadat.

Mubarak was unscathed; he was sitting right next to Sadat, prompting many to speculate about whether a conspiracy or incredible good fortune was behind his safety.

Mubarak was named president seven days later in October 1981 and proceeded to carry on the main tenets of Sadat's post-Gamal Abdul Nasser years.

Nasser, Egypt's first post revolution leader, had been the focal champion of pan-Arabism, Arab socialism and nationalism, in the 1950s and 1960s, maintained a state of war with Israel, had close ties with Moscow, and was a leading figure of the non-aligned movement.

Sadat made peace with Israel, switched Egypt's super power alliance to Washington in exchange for huge injections of economic and military aid, opened up the economy, creating a rich elite, and ruthlessly repressed the Muslim Brotherhood.

As the years went by, Mubarak became more aloof, carefully choreographing his public appearances, and his authoritarian governing style appeared increasingly out of sync with a world focused on economic and political openness.

Mubarak was a regional heavyweight, and a familiar face on the international stage, often involved in the various, mostly aborted, attempts at Middle East diplomacy and peace negotiations.

It was his continued crackdown of the Islamic opposition, however which nearly brought him the same fate as Sadat.

In June, 1995, Mubarak narrowly escaped assassination in the Ethiopian capital, Addis Ababa, as he arrived at an Organisation of African Unity (OAU) summit.

His car was riddled with bullets by jihadists, but he again survived.

Upon his return to Cairo, he told reporters, "Suddenly I found a blue van blocking the road and somebody just flat on the ground and machine guns started. For me it was shocking. What's that? Then I realised there were bullets coming in our car."

As his contemporaries, Jordan's King Hussein and Syria's Hafez Al Assad, died and were replaced by their sons, observers speculated that Mubarak would lay the foundations for his son, Gamal to follow suit.

Many Egyptians feared that Gamal might end up with the presidency, and that fuelled further resentment towards the regime.

Mubarak never appointed a vice president as the constitution required. Critics said he wanted no rivals, but he repeatedly said the parliament dominated by his ruling party would oversee the succession in accordance with the constitution.

Extremist attacks hit Egypt several times during his time in power, before and after the September 11 attacks.

Most prominent, were the massacre of 58 tourists at Luxor in 1997 and the Taba attacks in 2004 that targeted Israeli tourists, and left some 34 people of varying nationalities dead.

Another of his long-term comtemporaries, the Palestinian leader, Yasser Arafat, with whom he shared an at times difficult relationship, died in November 2004, and was accorded a statesman's funeral in Cairo before his burial in Ramallah.

On the domestic front, democratic credentials were never a priority for Mubarak, who kept the pro-reform and Islamic opposition cowed or imprisoned.

Anti-government demonstrations gained strength in 2004 and 2005, led by the "Kifaya" (enough) pro-reform movement, and the Muslim Brotherhood.

The government ensured that the first ever presidential elections, held in September 2005, were a foregone conclusion, in spite of a constitutional amendment which allowed others to stand against the incumbent.

The purported move toward democratic reform retrenched sharply when opponents made gains, and Mubarak jailed both his main secular opponent, Ayman Nour, and leaders of the Muslim Brotherhood.

Mubarak easily won a fifth term, the previous four having come by referendum.

Turnout was low in March 2007, in a rushed referendum on amending Egypt's constitution, changes the government touted as democratic reforms but critics dismissed as attempts to curtail rights and consolidate the regime's power.

The authorities claimed more than 75 percent of voters approved their changes.

The opposition insisted the poll was rigged.

He remained Washington's closest ally in the Arab World, along with Saudi Arabia, though he warned that the Iraq war would create scores of Bin Ladens.

He endorsed President Bush's push for Israeli-Palestinian final status negotiations and a two-state settlement which consequently foundered.

When Hamas destroyed the wall at the Rafah crossing, effectively ending the Israeli blockade of Gaza in January 2008, for some days, Mubarak instructed his troops to keep the border open.

"I told them to let them come in and eat and buy food and then return them later as long as they were not carrying weapons," he told reporters.

The border was closed again by Egypt a month later.

The Bush administration seemed to tire of Mubarak's anti-democratic tendencies, as reflected in a brief flying visit by the president during his major Middle East tour in January 2008.

Applying the same dictum to their other autocratic and monarchy-led friends in the region, they were more wary of the possible populist alternative - a militant Islamic party in power.

After the Algerian paradigm, the rise of Hamas, Hezbollah, and Iran under Mahmoud Ahmadinejad, Mubarak's strongest international card was always his maintenance of the status quo, though it won him few admirers at home.

Mubarak's health was frequently called into question by observers in recent years, although discussions were usually kept under tight control by the regime and public statements on the issue were rare.

In 2006, an editor was sentenced to six months in prison for reporting on rumours about the president's health. Mubarak later pardoned the journalist.

Many diplomats and Egyptian political observers believe his health took a downturn after the sudden death of his 12-year-old grandson in May 2009.

However, Mubarak continued travelling abroad and touring Egyptian provinces.

In March 2010, he underwent an operation in Germany to remove his gall bladder after temporarily handing over power to the prime minister.

Although Mubarak said on Tuesday he would not run in September's elections, he insisted that the decision had nothing to do with the unprecedented protests that have shaken Egypt over the past week.

"I tell you in all sincerity, regardless of the current circumstances, I never intended to be a candidate for another term," he said.

The half-way concession - an end to his rule months down the road - was immediately derided by protesters massed in Cairo's main downtown square.

Watching his speech on a giant TV set up in Tahrir square, protesters booed and waved their shoes over the heads in a sign of contempt.

Mubarak resolutely vowed not to flee the country.

"This dear nation .. is where I lived, I fought for it and defended its soil, sovereignty and interests. On its soil I will die. History will judge me like it did others," he said.

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Subjects: Summits, Presidential elections, Constitutions, Government and politics, Blockades, Elections, Islam, Territorial disputes, Constitutional amendments, National elections, Diplomacy, International relations, Food and drink, Legislature, General news, Summits, Religion, Social affairs, War and unrest, Lifestyle
People: Hosni Mubarak, Yitzhak Rabin, Warren Christopher, Bill Clinton, Yasser Arafat, George W. Bush, Ahmed Nazif, Angela Merkel, Benjamin Netanyahu, Nouri al-Maliki, Nicolas Sarkozy, Jose Zapatero, Shimon Peres, Hillary Clinton, Barack Obama, Mahmoud Ahmadinejad
Organisations: U.S. Department of State, Hamas, Muslim Brotherhood, United States government
Locations: North Africa, East Africa, Western Europe, Europe, North America, Egypt, Addis Ababa, Africa, Jordan, Palestinian territories, Jerusalem, Cairo, Ethiopia, France, Syria, Middle East, Germany, Israel, Spain, United States, Egypt
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Middle East Egypt Reax
Summary: Celebrations across the region, Hamas reax
Story No: 675420
Aspect Ratio: 16:9
Date: 02/11/2011 07:46 PM
People: Hosni Mubarak


Beirut, Lebanon


1. Various of people dancing and singing in celebration at news of Egyptian President Hosni Mubarak's resignation

2. Two people praying, UPSOUND: fireworks

3. Egyptian flag flying, background of fireworks

4. Firecracker on the ground

5. SOUNDBITE (Arabic) Issam Allawi, Egyptian living in Beirut:

"We are very happy today that we were able to overcome the dictator Hosni Mubarak. And tomorrow, the next dictators throughout the entire Arab world."

6. Mid of riot police, barbed wire in foreground

7. Two people distributing sweets to drivers

Amman, Jordan


8. Various of people celebrating, waving Egyptian flags and chanting

9. SOUNDBITE (English) Name not given, Vox pop:

"This day is one of the most beautiful days in the Arab life. Egypt is the heart of the Arab world. So the soul of the Arab world come back again. This is one of the most beautiful days in my life."

10. Wide of crowd chanting

11. SOUNDBITE (English) Name not given, Vox pop:


"This is history in the making. The wind of change has come. Egypt, congratulations. Congratulations to the whole Arab world. We've done it!" ++APPLAUDS++

Gaza City, Gaza


12. Wide overhead of city street, cars sounding horns

13. Various overhead shots of people celebrating on streets, blowing fire and dancing

14. Various of people celebrating in the streets

15. Various of people waving Egyptian flag on side of the road, cars driving past and beeping their horns

16. Pan of car driving past

17. Fireworks being let off

Gaza City, Gaza


18. Hamas spokesman Sami Abu Zuhri watching news on television

19. SOUNDBITE (Arabic) Sami Abu Zuhri, Hamas spokesman:


"The Resignation of President Hosni Mubarak is an announcement of the beginning of the victory of the Egyptian revolution, and we in the Hamas movement affirm our standing with it and support the demands of the Egyptian people. We congratulate the Egyptian people with these results which we consider as the victory of the will and steadfastness and sacrifices of the Egyptian people and it's the starting of a new era in Egypt."

Ramallah, West Bank


20. Various of people gathered in the streets, chanting

21. Close of someone holding Egyptian flag


Supporters of Egypt's pro-democracy movement exploded in elation around the world on Friday, as news broke that the country's unprecedented anti-government movement had succeeded in bringing down President Hosni Mubarak with a final momentous day of protests.

Mubarak, who until the end seemed unable to grasp the depth of resentment over his three decades of authoritarian rule, finally resigned on Friday and handed power to the military.

Moments after Vice President Suleiman, who appears to have lost his post as well in the military takeover, delivered the short announcement, fireworks broke out above the Lebanese capital.

Celebratory gunfire could be heard from Shiite dominated areas of the city and in the south of the country, according to reports.

Outside the Egyptian embassy in Beirut, dozens of Egyptians broke into song and dance in celebration.

A few people bowed their heads in prayer.

The protests have already echoed around the Middle East, with several of the region's autocratic rulers making pre-emptive gestures of democratic reform to avert their own protest movements.

The lesson many took: If it could happen in three weeks in Egypt, where Mubarak's lock on power had appeared unshakable, it could happen anywhere.

The United States at times seemed overwhelmed trying to keep up with the rapidly changing crisis, fumbling to juggle its advocacy of democracy and the right to protest, its loyalty to longtime ally Mubarak and its fears of Muslim fundamentalists gaining a foothold.

Neighbouring Israel watched with growing unease, worried that their 1979 peace treaty could be in danger.

It quickly demanded on Friday that post-Mubarak Egypt continue to adhere to it.

In Jordan, crowds flocked to the central streets of Amman, celebrating in sympathy with Egypt.

"The soul of the Arab world (has) come back again. This is one of the most beautiful days in my life," said one woman.

Fireworks were set off in Gaza City as many of the Arab population joined in the elated cheers.

Sami Abu Zuhri, a spokesman for Hamas said that the group supported the aims of the Egyptian people.

"The Resignation of President Hosni Mubarak is an announcement of the beginning of the victory of the Egyptian revolution," he said.

"We congratulate the Egyptian people with these results which we consider as the victory of the will and steadfastness and sacrifices of the Egyptian people and it's the starting of a new era in Egypt," Zuhri added.

Hundreds more gathered in Ramallah, in the West Bank, waving Egyptian flags and cheering.

Mubarak, a former air force commander came to power after the 1981 assassination of his predecessor Anwar Sadat by Islamic radicals.

Throughout his rule, he showed a near obsession with stability, using rigged elections and a hated police force accused of widespread torture to ensure his control.

He resisted calls for reform even as public bitterness grew over corruption, deteriorating infrastructure and rampant poverty in a country where 40 percent live below or near the poverty line.

The protest movement that began on January 25, 2011 grew from small groups of youth activists organising on the Internet into a mass movement that tapped into the discontent to become the largest popular uprising in the Arab world.

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Subjects: Political resignations, Protests and demonstrations, Rebellions and uprisings, Government and politics, Political and civil unrest, General news, War and unrest
People: Hosni Mubarak
Organisations: Hamas
Locations: Egypt, Beirut, Jordan, Middle East, Gaza Strip, West Bank, Amman, Gaza, Egypt, North Africa, Africa, Lebanon, Palestinian territories
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Tunisia Night
Summary: Police arrest people on streets of capital during curfew
Story No: 671939
Aspect Ratio: 4:3
Date: 01/15/2011 02:35 AM
People: Zine El Abidine Ben Ali, Abdullah bin Abdulaziz



1. Wide of street group of people gathered, UPSOUND shouting

2. Emergency vehicle driving down street

3. People on street walking towards police car

4. Group of people running away, then some people being escorted away by police officers, UPSOUND shouting

5. Wide of people in street

6. More people being escorted away

7. Police in street arresting several people, one person being dragged along ground

8. Group of men walking down street

9. Police entering building

10. Wide of building with light going on in room

11. Various of police in room seen through window

12. Police leaving building

13. Wide of police walking down street


Several people were arrested during a curfew overnight in the Tunisian capital on Saturday, after the country's president was driven from power on Friday by violent protests over soaring unemployment and corruption.

Police were filmed detaining several people in the street during curfew in central Tunis.

The curfew was imposed on Friday as part of the state of emergency declared by President Zine El Abidine Ben Ali before his removal from power was announced.

The curfew was to be lifted at 7 a.m. (0600 GMT) on Saturday.

The office of Saudi King Abdullah confirmed later on Friday that ousted President Zine El Abidine Ben Ali and his family had landed in Saudi Arabia, after several hours of mystery over his whereabouts.

The ouster followed the country's largest protests in generations and weeks of escalating unrest, sparked by one man's suicide and fuelled by social media, cell phones and young people who have seen relatively little benefit from Tunisia's recent economic growth.

Thousands of demonstrators from all walks of life rejected Ben Ali's promises of change and mobbed Tunis to demand that he leave.

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Subjects: Arrests, Law and order, General news, Arrests, Crime
People: Zine El Abidine Ben Ali, Abdullah bin Abdulaziz
Locations: Tunisia, Tunisia
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Tunisia Clashes
Summary: Tear gas fired at protesters outside Tunisian Interior Ministry
Story No: 671886
Aspect Ratio: 4:3
Date: 01/14/2011 02:41 PM
People: Zine El Abidine Ben Ali


1. Various large crowd chanting and shouting

2. Demonstrators facing riot police, tear gas being fired

3. Wide shot demonstrators throwing missiles and jeering at police

4. Mid shot police firing tear gas

5. Demonstrator on the ground being beaten with batons by police

6. Pull out to wide shot of police firing tear gas

7. Demonstrators amid tear gas smoke

8. Wide shot police in street with tear gas

9. Plain-clothed police firing tear gas

10. Bus coming up street amid clashes

11. Wide shot police firing tear gas, zoom in

12. Various police running in street, amid tear gas firing


Tunisian police have fired tear gas at protesters in the capital of Tunis on Friday after they climbed on top of the roof of the Interior Ministry.

Thousands of demonstrators marched through the capital of the north African country to demand the resignation of the country's autocratic leader, President Zine El Abidine Ben Ali.

Demonstrators shouted: "Ben Ali, out!" and "Ben Ali, assassin!"

Pent-up anger at unemployment and at a leadership many see as controlling and corrupt has exploded into protests and clashes with police over the past few weeks.

The official death toll in the riots is 23, but opposition leaders put the figure at three times that number.

Thousands of tourists are being evacuated from the North African nation due to the unrest.

Tunisia's ambassador to UNESCO, the UN's cultural and educational agency, has resigned amid the riots.

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Subjects: Protests and demonstrations, Political and civil unrest, General news
People: Zine El Abidine Ben Ali
Locations: Tunisia, Tunisia
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Libya Gadhafi Body
Summary: Libyans line up to view body of Gadhafi
Story No: 711073
Aspect Ratio: 16:9
Date: 10/21/2011 09:05 PM
People: Muammar Gaddafi


Moammar Gadhafi's blood-streaked body was stashed in a commercial freezer at a shopping centre in Misrata on Friday as Libyans waited in line outside for a chance to see him, and authorities tried to decide where to bury the long-time dictator.

The makeshift provisions for the corpse reflected the disorganisation and confusion that has surrounded Gadhafi's death. Accounts of how he died after being captured by revolutionary fighters remained contradictory, and the top U.N. rights official raised concerns he was shot to death in custody.

His burial had been planned for Friday, in accordance with Islamic traditions calling for quick interment. But the interim government delayed it, saying the circumstances of his death still had to be determined.

Information Minister Mahmoud Shammam also said authorities were "debating right now what the best place is to bury him."

The body, stripped to the waist and wearing beige trousers, was laid on a bloodied mattress on the floor of an emptied-out room-sized freezer where restaurants and stores in the centre normally keep perishables.

A bullet hole was visible on the left side of his head - with the bullet still lodged in his head, according to the presiding doctor - and in the centre of his chest and stomach.

His hair was matted and dried blood streaks his arms and head.

Outside the shopping centre, residents waited in line for their chance enter the freezer and have their picture taken with Gadhafi's body. Different visiting hours have been set for women and children and for men.

Bashir Ali, a commander from the Misrata military operations room, said the burial would be in a secret location to avoid revenge attacks.

The 69-year-old Gadhafi was captured wounded but alive, and there have been contradictory accounts of how and when he received his fatal wounds.



1. Wide shot exterior Centre for African Trade

2. Mid shot new Libyan flag and sign

3. National Transitional Council soldiers guarding entrance as people arrive to see body of Gadhafi

4. Mid shot people lining up to see Gadhafi's body

5. Wide shot journalists and onlookers around Gadhafi's body

6. Various of Gadhafi's body

7. Mid shot crowd outside building

8. SOUNDBITE (Arabic) Mohamed Fedal, Misrata resident:

"God is great. This is a great happiness for all the Libyan people. He is the biggest killer, the like of which the world has never seen. More than Stalin, Genghis Khan, more than the Holocaust, more than Hitler. God is great."

9. Mid shot crowd in front of building

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People: Muammar Gaddafi
Locations: Libya, North Africa, Africa
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Syria Demo
Summary: 4:3 Pro-government demo outside mosque after Friday prayers
Story No: 681330
Aspect Ratio: 16:9
Date: 03/25/2011 02:26 PM
People: Bashar Assad


1. Wide of Northern minaret of the Umayyad Mosque, tilt down to people walking around inside the walls

2. Mid of the Dome of the Treasury at the Umayyad Mosque

3. Wide of Northern minaret; tilt down to people walking around outside the mosque entrance

4. Mid of people walking into mosque for Friday prayers

5. Various mid shots of demonstrators outside mosque after Friday prayers, waving flags and chanting slogans, UPSOUND: (Arabic) "Only God, Syria and Bashar" and "We sacrifice our souls and blood to you, Bashar"

6. Poster of President Bashar al-Assad in military uniform, pull out to crowd of his supporters chanting

7. Crowds chanting carrying Syrian flags with photo of al-Assad superimposed

8. Crowd on the move

9. Man balanced on balcony waving flag pull out to crowd chanting

10. Varius of pro-government supporters gathered outside and in compound of Umayyad Mosque, chanting, waving flags


Hundreds of pro-government supporters gathered after Friday prayers outside the Umayyad Mosque in Syria's capital Damascus, shouting "Only God, Syria and Bashar."

The demonstration of support for President Bashar al-Assad was in response to anti-government protests this week, when thousands of Syrians took to the streets demanding reforms.

Rattled by the unrest, the Syrian government on Thursday pledged to consider lifting some of its repressive laws in an attempt to stop the weeklong uprising from spreading and threatening its nearly 50-year rule.

Al-Assad, a close ally of Iran and its regional proxies, Hezbollah and Hamas, has promised increased freedoms for discontented citizens and increased pay and benefits for state workers - a familiar package of incentives offered by other nervous Arab regimes in recent weeks.

Presidential adviser Buthaina Shaaban also said the Baath party would look at ending a state of emergency that it put in place after taking power in 1963.

The emergency laws allow people to be arrested without warrants and imprisoned without trial.

Human rights groups say violations of other basic liberties are rife in Syria, and claim torture and abuse are common in police stations, detention centres and prisons, and that dissenters are regularly imprisoned for years without due process.

The death toll from the weeklong crackdown was unclear and could not be independently confirmed. Shaaban said 34 people had been killed in the conflict, but protesters and human rights organisations claim the number is higher.

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Subjects: Protests and demonstrations, Prayer, Human rights and civil liberties, Government and politics, Political and civil unrest, General news, Religion, Social affairs, Social issues
People: Bashar Assad
Locations: Damascus, Syria
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Libya Zawiyah
Summary: Gadhafi supporters celebrate claimed recapture of Al-Zawiyah
Story No: 679139
Aspect Ratio: 16:9
Date: 03/11/2011 05:17 PM




1. Pro-Gadhafi supporters demonstrating, holding large poster of the Libyan leader, waving green flags

2. Various of pro-Gadhafi supporters demonstrating holding pictures of Gadhafi and waving flags

3. Pro-Gadhafi supporters demonstrating, child being held up in the air

4. Pro-Gadhafi supporters demonstrating, holding banners and flags

5. Pan of protesters

6. Mid of protesters


Journalists were taken on an official government tour to visit Zawiya, a city on Tripoli's doorstep that Gadhafi's regime claimed it recaptured on Wednesday after a six-day siege.

Gadhafi loyalists could be seen celebrating on the streets, holding Gadhafi banners and waving green flags.

Deputy Foreign Minister Khaled Qaid said on Thursday that Zawiya had been recaptured at 11 a.m. on Wednesday.

However, the extent of government control was not known in the city.

Zawiyah has been the focus of some of the fiercest battles in the last few days, with both sides claiming victory during breaks in the fighting.

Supporters demonstrating on Friday claimed the city had fallen into Gadhafi loyalists' hands.

Their claim could not be immediately verified.

If Zawiyah, on Tripoli's doorstep, is ultimately retaken, the contours of a stalemate would emerge - with Libya divided between a largely loyalist west and a rebel east.

The city is home to around 200-thousand people and is located just 30 miles (50 kilometres) west of Tripoli.

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Subjects: Municipal governments, Local governments, Government and politics
Locations: Az Zāwiyah, Palestinian Territories
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Libya Rebels
Summary: Interview with two commanders of Libyan rebel forces
Story No: 680292
Aspect Ratio: 16:9
Date: 03/18/2011 09:17 PM
People: Muammar Gaddafi, Barack Obama


1. Various of news conference with General Abdul Fatah Yunis, a Libyan rebel commander

2. SOUNDBITE: (Arabic with English translation) General Abdul Fatah Yunis, rebel military commander:

"It is not a matter of winning and and losing. This is not roulette. I serve the Libyan people and when I found that the Libyan people were in need of my services I went with the Libyan people."

3. Wide of media and rebel commanders

4. Wide of news conference with rebel military high commander Khalifa Heftar

5. SOUNDBITE: (Arabic) Khalifa Heftar, rebel military high commander:

"The difference between us is that we can fly as well but we don't have a maximum capacity for air strikes. Airstrikes are not a consideration for us. The important thing is to stop Gadhafi's planes from striking the rebels."

6. Heftar leaves news conference to cheers


Two rebel leaders spoke on Friday in the town of Benghazi, as preparations continued to put in place a UN backed no-fly zone over Libya.

General Abdul Fatah Yunis, a rebel military commander, said that it was not a "matter of winning or losing" because he was there to "serve the Libyan people".

Another rebel leader, Khalifa Heftar, emphasised the importance of a no-fly zone for the rebels, saying that it was important "to stop Gadhafi's planes from striking the rebels."

Earlier on Friday Moammar Gadhafi's government declared a cease-fire against the rebel uprising, which has in recent days faltered in the face of attacks by his artillery, tanks and warplanes.

The opposition said shells rained down well after the announcement and accused the Libyan leader of lying.

Wary of the cease-fire, Britain and France took the lead in plans to enforce the no-fly zone, sending British warplanes to the Mediterranean and announcing a crisis summit in Paris with the U.N. and Arab allies.

In Washington, President Barack Obama ruled out the use of American ground troops but warned that the U.S., which has an array of naval and air forces in the region, would join in military action.

NATO surveillance AWACS planes flying off the Libyan coast are already providing 24-hour coverage of the situation in the air and on the battlefields .

The North Atlantic Council, NATO's top decision-making body, decided on Friday to speed up planning and will meet again in the next few days when plans are complete, an alliance spokeswoman said, speaking on condition of anonymity because of the delicacy of the situation.

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Subjects: Rebellions and uprisings, War and unrest, Military leadership, General news, Military and defense, Government and politics
People: Muammar Gaddafi, Barack Obama
Organisations: Fatah, North Atlantic Treaty Organization
Locations: Benghazi, Libya
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