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(HZ) Middle East Car
Summary: Scientists develop a new hydrogen combustion engine
Story No: 541910
Aspect Ratio: 4:3
Date: 11/01/2007 04:18 AM


Tel Aviv, Israel - 25 October, 2007

1. Various of cars on road

Nativ Ha'Asara, southern Israel - 25 October, 2007

2. Wide of building where inventors work

3. Mid of inventor Moshe Lev Lerner and hydrogen tank in back of van

4. Close of filter and valve on hydrogen tank

5. Close of the invention that feeds hydrogen into the fuel air mixture

6. UPSOUND: (Hebrew) Moshe Lev Lerner (finger pointing to one component)

"This is the sensor that constantly checks the temperature."

7. Various of Moshe walking through garage into workshop

8. Mid of Volodya seated at workbench

9. UPSOUND: (Hebrew) Moshe Lev Lerner

"This is Volodya who makes the reactor"

10. Close of part finished reactor

11. Mid of man testing small computer that regulates flow of hydrogen to combustion engine

12. Close display

13. Wide of trio of inventors seated at table

14. Close of inventors with bottles of chemicals

Beer Sheva, Israel - 25 October, 2007

15. Wide exterior of Ben Gurion University Mechanical Engineering Department

16. Close of sign outside building

17. Wide of Professor Eran Sher, Head of Internal Combustion Engines Department working on car

18. SOUNDBITE: (English) Professor Eran Sher, Ben Gurion University

"In principle it is a quite simple system, in which they add a small quantity of hydrogen which is produced on board, on line and on demand, to the cylinder. Therefore the cylinder receives air, the regular fuel and small additives, or small amounts of hydrogen. And the result is a better combustion process, faster combustion process and in the end that increases the efficiency of the engine."

Nativ Ha'Asara, southern Israel - 25 October, 2007

19. Close of Moshe Lev Lerner holding a piece of paper near the exhaust of a van fitted with the invention - the engine starts

20. Close of engine showing the invention

21. Lerner shows paper to the camera - it's clean

Beer Sheva, Israel - 25 October, 2007

22. SOUNDBITE: (English) Professor Eran Sher, Ben Gurion University

"The novelty of this system is that they know how to control the production of the hydrogen in terms of the engine operation conditions."

Nativ Ha'Asara, southern Israel - 25 October, 2007

24. Close of exhaust

25. Close of revolutions counter

26. Close of on-board computer which is controlling the flow of hydrogen

27. Close of interface of computer

28. Various inside workshop

29. Mid of Professor Eran Sher working on a conventional engine

30. SOUNDBITE: (English) Professor Eran Sher, Ben Gurion University

"The CO2 emission will be lower, but if you talk about heating of our globe, then warming. Warming up of our globe, then this is one of the means by which we can reduce the rate of global warming."

Tel Aviv, Israel - 25 October, 2007

31. Busy freeway

32. Heat rising from heavy traffic


As crude oil prices remain high at around $90 US a barrel, a group of Israeli scientists are working on a device that can cut fuel consumption in half, boosts engine efficiency and reduce harmful emissions.

The developers say their 'Molecular Engine' could help fight global warming and revolutionise how modern cars are made.


A group of engineers in Israel have developed an engine that can dramatically reduce harmful CO2 emissions.

The unlikely team of inventors hope their system will pave the way to a future where cleaner cars run on hydrogen.

Demonstrating his invention is Moshe Lev Learner, an engineer who used to build missile engines for the Soviet army.

The small suitcase-shaped device is installed in the back of an ordinary van.

Looking into the back of the van Learner points out one of the sensors that measures the fuel's temperature.

His 'Molecular Engine" delivers carefully regulated amounts of hydrogen into the fuel-air mixture of regular car engines.

The result is a hotter, more efficient combustion, which generates more power to drive the car and emits less noxious exhaust fumes.

Once inside his workshop Lerner introduces one of his colleagues Voloyda who works on the reactor (where the chemical reaction takes place.)

Converting a vehicle to use the molecular engine means fitting it with an auxiliary fuel tank, pump, hoses, filters, reactor and a control unit.

The auxiliary fuel tank contains a mixture which is mostly water with some methanol and an additive the inventor is keeping secret for the time being.

The mixture goes by the name of Clean Motors Diesel, or CMD, and is sold at around 30% less than the pump price of regular petrol or diesel.

The reactor uses the engine's heat to crack the CMD fuel on creating hydrogen which is then mixed in with the regular fuel as it enters the cylinders.

A small computer fitted inside the car adjusts the amount of hydrogen needed at each millisecond.

The inventors say the system can be adapted to work with and petroleum products or even bio-diesel.

The parts, including installation, are sold for US Dollars $1,200 for a gasoline engine and US Dollars $1,400 for diesel engines.

Despite the less than glamorous surroundings, this trio of engineers are no amateur inventors.

Before settling in Israel, Lerner was involved in the research and development of jet and missile engine programmes for the Soviet Army and also worked for German car-maker Porsche.

In Israel he spent a decade improving internal combustion engines fitted to Apache helicopter gunships and tanks.

The molecular engine is just one of eight worldwide patents he has to his name.

Commenting on the Lerner's engine is Professor Eran Sher, an expert on internal combustion engines at Israel's Ben Gurion University.

He says the unique aspect of Lerner's invention is the fact that the hydrogen is produced inside the vehicle, on demand.

Sher explains the engine's cylinder receives small amounts of air that include fuel and small quantities of hydrogen.

The result is cleaner and more efficient combustions process.

Back at the workshop Lerner demonstrates just how clean the combustion process is, by holding a piece of paper close to a car's exhaust.

The paper remains unmarked and unspoiled.

Sher says the breakthrough is that the developers are able to control the production of the hydrogen to match the engine's performance.

The first prototype was fitted into a van that has been running successfully for close to three years, and has demonstrated a fifty percent reduction in fuel consumption.

Sher says engines like this can help in reducing the rate of global warming, by cutting CO2 emission.

The motive is to eliminate the emissions resulting from fossil fuels in a competitive and cost effective way by reducing the amount of petrol or diesel consumed while improving performance of existing engines.

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Subjects: Aircraft parts manufacturing, Automotive technology, Emissions-reduction technology, Hydrogen fuel, Science, Emissions reduction, Energy and the environment, Technology, Environmental concerns, Climate change, Aircraft manufacturing, Aerospace and defense industry, Industrial products and services, Industries, Business, Industrial technology, Pollution, Environment, Environment and nature, Emissions-reduction technology, Air pollution, Air quality, Air pollution, Emissions-reduction technology, Energy and fuel technology, Alternative fuels, Alternative and sustainable energy, Climate change, Climate
Locations: Tel Aviv Yaffo, Tel Aviv, Israel
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Climate Change Clipreel Vol. 2: Part 8
Summary: USA: Al Gore Fuel Emissions Press Conference, Japan - Climate Conference: Agreement On Fuel Emissions
Story No: X01584
Source: APTV, POOL
Aspect Ratio: 4:3
Date: 12/11/1997 12:00 AM
People: Al Gore, Bill Clinton


USA: Al Gore Fuel Emissions Press Conference


Washington D-C, U-S-A - 11 December 1997

The United States and other industrialised countries ended 11 days of contentious haggling at a global warming conference on Thursday by agreeing on a historic pact to control greenhouse gases. But the pact, approved by delegates from 150 nations in Kyoto, was immediately denounced by Republican critics in Congress, who predicted it would never be ratified by the U-S Senate. Diplomats worked through the night to finish the agreement, which for the first time will commit nations to rolling back emissions - carbon dioxide from burning fossil fuels and five other atmospheric gases - to pre-1990 levels. U-S Vice President Al Gore, who had energised negotiations by signalling to U-S negotiators the need for deeper emissions reductions, said the agreement laid a solid foundation for long-term efforts to protect our climate.

1. U-S Vice President Al Gore walking into press conference

2. SOUNDBITE: (English) Al Gore, U-S Vice President

"No question about the fact that these have been among the most difficult negotiations ever held - maybe the most difficult. One of the individuals that I met with in Kyoto earlier this week described them as an intricate three dimensional chess game. I think that kind of understates the difficulty of it. Over 160 nations participated, and there were, as everyone knows, deep and profound differences among the delegations. But we hung tough and in the end the final agreement was based on the core elements of the American proposal. And make no mistake, we stuck by the president's principles and we prevailed. This agreement reflects most of the key elements of the president's plan. It's based on the simple idea that it will not be government bureaucrats or regulators, but free markets and free minds that will be our best bet to win the battle against global warming, while lifting the lives and hopes of citizens around the world. The agreement will enhance growth and create new incentives for the rapid development of technologies through a system of joint implementation and emissions trading. It creates binding limits. It asks us to do what we promise, not promise what we cannot do. It is comprehensive, including all six greenhouse gases. And some of you know that there was a big fight there. We wanted all six of them."

3. Mid shot Gore


Japan - Climate Conference: Agreement on Fuel Emissions


Kyoto, Japan - 10-11 December 1997

The world's nations approved a landmark agreement early on Thursday to reduce fuel emissions by industrial countries in the 21st century. After working through the night, delegates held a final session of speechmaking which ended with a loud round of applause signalling the formal approval of the pact. They will now take the agreement back to their governments for ratification. U-S President Bill Clinton praised the deal as a commitment to a better future for other generations.

On a final night that stretched far into morning, the future of the carbon-loaded atmosphere hung on the calm click of calculators, as negotiators in back rooms of the conference hall set budget periods, apportioned quotas and totted up emissions of the "greenhouse" gases linked to global warming. Eventually, a European-U-S-Japanese compromise took shape. The European Union will reduce its greenhouse emissions by 8 per cent below 1990 levels, the United States by 7 per cent, and Japan by 6 per cent.

1. Meeting room

2. Raul Estrada, Chairman of Conference on Climate Change announcing

3. SOUNDBITE: (English) Raul Estrada, Chairman of Conference on Climate Change announcing agreement

"Will recommend the adoption of this protocol to the conference

by unanimity."

4. Various of delegates applauding

5. Various of final meeting

6. SOUNDBITE: (English) Johnny Lahure, Minister of Environment, Luxembourg

"Today is a day of joy for all those who care for our planet. Today there are no losers and only one winner, the environment."

7. SOUNDBITE: (English) Bill Hare, Greenpeace

"This negotiation has been a failure in environmental terms. The world governments came here to negotiate significant reductions of greenhouse gases and they failed to achieve that. The overall outcome taking into account the loopholes means that greenhouse gas emissions could increase by a small amount if not significantly as a consequence of this agreement, so it is very disappointing in environmental terms."

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Subjects: Environment and nature, Greenhouse gases, Air pollution, Contamination, Air pollution, Air, Environment, Global environmental issues, Climate Change
People: Al Gore, Bill Clinton
Locations: Japan
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Antarctica UN 2
Summary: WRAP UN Secretary General visits Antarctica to see effect of climate change ADDS more
Story No: 543163
Source: POOL, AP Television
Aspect Ratio: 4:3
Date: 11/10/2007 08:58 AM
People: Ban Ki-Moon


1. UN Secretary General Ban Ki-moon and delegation aboard plane

2. Ban looking out through window

3. Aerial shot of icebergs

4. Mid of Chilean air force plane

5. Cutaway of delegation and media persons awaiting UN Secretary General Ban Ki-Moon's arrival

6. Mid of Ban walking out of plane

7. Ban meeting delegation

8. Mid shot of Ban as he enters Chilean base

9. SOUNDBITE: (English) Ban Ki-moon, UN Secretary General:

"The world is changing. We are feeling this impact of global warming already. This area, I was told by the scientist, the speed of global warming is affecting much, much more."

10. Tracking shot of water from boat

11. Ban and delegation on boat

12. Boat approaching shore

13. Ban climbing stairs off boat

14. SOUNDBITE: (English) Ban Ki-moon, UN Secretary General:

"I have made this climate change issue one of my top priorities of my tenure as Secretary-General. This is not for me, not for the United Nations. This is for the entire world."

15. Zoom out from sign of Chilean base as snowmobile passes

16. Various of glaciers and icebergs

17. Zoom out Ban Ki-moon walks into the snow

18. Wide shot of ice

19. Close of melting ice

20. Wide of ice berg and melting ice on foreground


United Nations Secretary-General Ban Ki-moon travelled to Antarctica on Friday for a first hand look at the effects of global warming on the polar ice cap.

He was briefed on how human activities, such as deforestation and the burning of fossil fuels, have led to higher concentrations of carbon dioxide in the atmosphere.

These higher levels are thought to be the reason for a large hole in the ozone layer over southern Chile and Antarctica that has led to the increasing rise in world temperatures since the 1970s.

During the 20th century, the Earth's average temperature rose by about one degree fahrenheit.

"The world is changing. We are feeling this impact of global warming already," Ban said.

"I have made this climate change issue one of my top priorities of my tenure as Secretary-General. This is not for me, not for the United Nations. This is for the entire world," he added.

Experts believe that over the next century that rise could be more in the range of two to six degrees, speeding up the melting of the polar ice caps and causing major flooding of coastal lowlands, as well as changes in climate and crop production.

Ban spent the day at the Antarctic bases of Chile, Korea, and Uruguay, and also visited the Collins Glaciers of King George's island.

His visit to Antarctica is considered an important commitment on behalf of the United Nations in preparation for the forthcoming Climate Change Conference to be held in Bali, Indonesia, next month.

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Subjects: Climate change, Environmental concerns, Glaciers, Environment, Environment and nature, Climate change, Climate
People: Ban Ki-Moon
Organisations: United Nations
Locations: McMurdo Station, Antarctica
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Climate Change Clipreel Vol. 2: Part 15
Summary: Japan - Kyoto Treaty comes into force, Kenya - Opening ceremony of Climate Conference
Story No: X01591
Source: AP Television
Aspect Ratio: 4:3
Date: 11/06/2006 05:00 AM
People: George W. Bush


Japan - Kyoto Treaty comes into force, arrivals, speeches


Tokyo - 16 Feb 2005

The Kyoto global warming pact came into force on Wednesday, imposing limits on emissions of carbon dioxide and other gases scientists blame for increasing temperatures, melting glaciers and rising sea levels. The agreement, negotiated in Japan''s ancient capital of Kyoto in 1997 and ratified by 140 nations, officially came into force at midnight New York time (0500 GMT). Environmental officials, gathered in the convention hall where the accord was adopted, hailed the protocol as an historic first step in the battle against global warming and urged the world to further strengthen safeguards against greenhouse gases. The protocol targets carbon dioxide and five other gases that can trap heat in the atmosphere, and are believed to be behind rising global temperatures that many scientists say are already disrupting the Earth''s environment and weather patterns.

The United States, the world''s largest emitter of such gases, has refused to ratify the agreement, saying it would harm the economy and is flawed by the lack of restrictions on emissions by emerging economies China and India. The Kyoto agreement was delayed by the requirement that countries accounting for 55 percent of the world''s emissions must ratify it. That goal was reached last year, nearly seven years after the pact was negotiated, with Russia''s approval. Russia ratified the treaty, but only after intense debate among top Kremlin officials about whether the pact would harm Russia''s growing economy.

Earlier on Wednesday, five World Wildlife Fund (WWF) activists dressed as polar bears gathered in a Tokyo shopping district to celebrate the implementation of the protocol. The impact of global warming is more evident at the poles. According to the Arctic Climate Impact Assessment (ACIA) report last November, the North Pole would no longer be covered in ice during summer by 2100 if global warming wasn''t slowed. The Kyoto targets vary by region: the European Union is committed to cutting emissions to eight percent below 1990 levels by 2012; the United States to a seven percent reduction before US President George W Bush denounced the protocol in 2001.

1. Various of World Wildlife Fund (WWF) demonstrators dressed in polar bear costumes, handing bags to people

2. SOUNDBITE: (English) Jennifer Morgan, Director of Climate Change Programme:

"The polar bear is one of the most threatened creatures from global warming, so what we wanted to do is to get people to understand that so much is at stake and that climate change has such an impact on living creatures, such as polar bears and all kinds of people around the world. But there is a hope that actually there is some kind of courage to do something about it, so today is a day of cerebration because we need to save the polar bears and other creatures."

3. SOUNDBITE: (Japanese) Voxpop, Kyoto Protocol supporter:

"The conference was seven years ago and it has been a long time, but the protocol has finally come into force, so I am excited and glad."

4. Various of activists dressed as polar bears cerebrating


Kenya - Opening ceremony of Climate Conference

AP Television

Nairobi - 6 Nov 2006

1. Wide of delegates seated inside conference centre

2. MS of Moody Awori, Kenyan Vice Preseident arriving and sitting down

3. Various of singers welcoming delegates

4. MS of Moody Awori delivering speech UPSOUND (English " Disaster such as droughts and famine are as a reult of climate change which we must boldly face and accept as a challenge to all of us...."(continues over next hot)

5. MS of delegates listening to Awori UPSOUND "...Reducing the vulnerability of those most at risk."

6. SOUNDBITE (English) Moody Awori, Kenyan Vice Preseident

"It is now my honour and privlege to declare the 12th conference for the parties for the United Nations framework on climate change officially open. Thank you."

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Subjects: Environmental policy, Protocols, Polar bears, Carnivores, Climate, Treaties, Bears, Animals, Environmental treaties, Climate change, Wildlife, Environmental concerns, Environment, Environment and nature, Environmental policy, Government policy, Government and politics, International agreements, International relations, Mammals, Environmental treaties, Climate change
People: George W. Bush
Locations: Tokyo, Japan, Russia, East Asia, Asia, Eastern Europe, Europe
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Climate Change Clipreel Vol. 2: Part 6
Summary: Usa - Clinton Speaks On Global Warming, Usa: Al Gore Warns Climate Convention That The Us Would Reject Unworkable Proposals
Story No: X01582
Source: POOL, WTN
Aspect Ratio: 4:3
Date: 12/01/1997 12:00 AM
People: Al Gore, Bill Clinton


USA - Clinton speaks on global warming


Georgetown University, Washington D.C. - 6 October 1997

The United States will seek "meaningful but equitable" contributions from developing countries to cut emissions of greenhouse gases at a conference on global warming, President Bill Clinton said Monday. Clinton said the United States and other countries participating in the Kyoto conference in December "must be prepared to commit to realistic and binding goals on our emissions of greenhouse gases." Speaking to a group of 200 scientists, industry leaders and environmentalists at Georgetown University, the US president sought to clarify Washington's position on a global treaty to cut emissions of carbon dioxide.

Clinton reiterated his position that any agreement must cover all countries, including in the developing world. "If current trends continue, emissions from the developing world will likely eclipse those from the developed world in the next few decades," he said. "The industrialized world alone cannot assume responsibility for reducing emissions ... In Kyoto therefore we will ask for meaningful but equitable commitments from all nations." Clinton added however that the problem of global climate change "is real" and that "It would clearly be a great mistake to bury our head in the sand and pretend the issue will go away." The UN-sponsored December 1-10 meeting in Japan is supposed to hammer out an international protocol on fighting the greenhouse effect.

1. President Bill Clinton at podium, speaking as above.


USA: Al Gore Warns Climate Convention that the US Would Reject Unworkable Proposals


Washington D.C., U.S. - 1 December 1997

The Clinton administration has announced it is sending its top voice on environmental issues, Al Gore, to the global warming conference underway in Kyoto, Japan. The vice-president said on Monday the U-S is prepared to reject a bad treaty. U-S President Bill Clinton has raised the stakes in the global warming talks going on in Japan. He directed Vice President Al Gore to go and outline the U-S position to 15-hundred delegates during a one-day visit next week. Actual negotiations will be left to Undersecretary of State Stuart Eizenstat, who heads the U-S delegation to the Kyoto conference. Gore, the administration's leader on environmental issues, warned that the U-S would reject any proposal it believes is unworkable.

1. Wide shot of U.S. President Bill Clinton and Al Gore seated with advisers.

2. SOUNDBITE: (English) Al Gore, U.S. Vice-President

"We are perfectly prepared to walk away from an agreement that we don't think will work and so it should be crystal clear to all of the other parties there that we're going to present the U-S position forcefully and clearly. Mr. Eizenstat has the president's authority to negotiate, but the principles the president laid down earlier will be the ones that will have to be met in order for the U-S to participate."

3. Gore, pan across table to Clinton.

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Subjects: Environmental laws and regulations, Global environmental issues, Environment and nature, Climate Change , Global environmental issues, Environment, Environment, Environmental laws and regulations
People: Al Gore, Bill Clinton
Locations: Japan
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(TT) India Wind
Summary: Wind farms meet India's growing energy needs
Story No: 535226
Aspect Ratio: 4:3
Date: 09/06/2007 05:00 AM


Sinban, India - recent

1. Low angle of wind turbine

2. Wide of wind turbines

3. Pan over wind turbines spread over landscape

4. Wind turbine with sign at base saying 'Suzlon'

5. Shift focus from barbed wire to wind turbines

6. Wide of wind turbines

7. Wide of Chairman of Tulsi R. Tanti talking

8. SOUNDBITE: (English) Tulsi R. Tanti, Chairman Suzlon Energy

"when the whole world is talking about the global warming and climate change issue, tomorrow it will become very serious and if we understand by 2030, if we are not controlling this issue, how it will affect the country's GDP (Gross Domestic Product) growth and how it will affect the human life in India. If we understand that very seriously, and if we change our approach, then I think it is a different thing, but slowly, slowly the respect and awareness is increasing."

9. Wide of crane moving past detached wind turbine blades stored in a yard

10. Various of crane carrying wind turbine blades

11. Wide of crane moving past detached wind turbine blades stored in a yard

12. Various of detached parts of wind turbines

13. Various of workers assembling wind turbines

14. SOUNDBITE: (English) Tulsi R. Tanti, Chairman Suzlon Energy

"The technology is so developed very strongly, currently, and more and more focus is increasing on the innovation in the technology. So it is giving more cost competitiveness and it is completely the CO2 free technology. So, I see this is the only future for the long term."

15. Various of village women walking with sacks on heads

16. Wide of women walking past wind turbine

17. Various of village near Suzlon plant

18. Wide of hut with wind turbine in the background

19. Wide of village road bullock cart moving past

20. SOUNDBITE: (Gujarati) Rohi Das, villager

"We thought they (wind turbines) were the rotating blades of a helicopter."

21. SOUNDBITE: (Hindi) Gokul Bhagwan Mali, villager

"The Government electric supply is available for only two to four hours. But its not enough to do very much."

22. Wide of yard with shadow from wind turbine blade sweeping across

23. Wide of wind turbine silhouetted against sun

24. Pan from Production facility workshed to stacked turbine parts with shadow sweeping across

25. Wide of assembly line

26. Workers working in the yard

27. Wide of land with stacked turbine parts in the foreground and rotating turbines in the background

28. SOUNDBITE: (English) Tulsi R. Tanti, Chairman Suzlon Energy

"Where China is consuming nearly 400,000 megawatt, India is consuming 125,000 megawatt and going forward both countries need more and more megawatts. Any one source or any two-three source cannot satisfy this demand, so India and China has to use, without default the renewables is the must. Need is there because otherwise the GDP(Gross Domestic Product) growth is not sustainable."

29. Various of wind turbine silhouetted against setting sun


The winds of change are sweeping through parts of rural India.

Large wind farms are being seen as a solution to the nation's growing energy needs.


Some of India's energy needs are being met thanks to large-scale wind farms.

It is hoped the wind farms will help in reducing the nation's dependence on non-renewable energy sources.

Today, about 65 percent of India's electricity needs come from coal.

Sinban in Western India is home to nearly 1,300 acres of high-tech windmills set amid tiny farms.

The wind farm, visible from miles away, resembles a forest of turbines churning in the breeze.

The Indian government is pushing the technology by allowing tax breaks on windmills, which can cost upwards of $1.2 million (�600,000 UK pounds) apiece, and mandating that states get a percentage of their electricity from renewable energy sources.

All this has been a big boost to Suzlon, by far the biggest wind player in the country.

Here, in the hills of Western India, the company operates one of the largest wind farms in the world: more than 500 windmills generating more than 600 megawatts of electricity.

The blades of the soaring white windmills, the largest ones are 74 meters (242 feet) high, cast long shadows that slash across farm fields.

Tulsi Tanti was once a yarn manufacturer who turned a small wind energy sideline into the sprawling corporation.

Since then he has become a billionaire and one of the richest men in the country.

He says governments should change their policies towards climate change.

In recent years, the business has grown by about 100 percent per year, swallowing up other companies and raking in profits.

Tulsi says the technology if moving fast and the focus is shifting towards innovation.

Despite the advances in the technology, many parts of India still suffer from electricity shortages.

With 1.1 billion people, and an economy growing at close to 9 percent per year, the country is fast becoming one of the largest energy consumers in the world.

One local villager is Rohi Das.

He says he initially thought the wind turbines were part of a helicopter.

Another villager is Gokul Bhagwan Mali.

He says at the moment they have access to only two hours of electricity per day.

India's tortuously complicated energy laws heavily restrict how electricity can be distributed.

Tulsi says having only one source of energy is never going to be the solution to the developing world's energy needs.

India now has the fourth-highest installed capacity for wind production in the world, lagging only behind Germany, Spain and the United States, according to the Global Wind Energy Council.

Three years ago, India had about 2,500 megawatts of capacity installed.

Today, that has reached more than 7,000 megawatts - enough to power some 30 million homes.

Experts estimate about 2 percent of India's power currently comes from wind, but wind power remains more expensive than traditional electricity sources.

Editors' note: Evidence of the world's growing interest in renewable energy is the international campaign to reduce carbon emissions.

The European Union is hoping for a 20% reduction in emissions by 2020, a binding target of 20% for renewable in 2020, and a 20% reduction of energy consumption in 2020.

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Subjects: Alternative and sustainable energy, Wind power generation, Alternative energy industry, Wind power, Energy and fuel technology, Economy, Electric utilities, Technology, Energy and the environment, Climate change, Emissions reduction, Environmental concerns, Environment, Environment and nature, Renewable power generation, Electric power generation, Utilities, Industries, Business, Electric utilities, Energy industry, Wind power generation, Industrial technology, Climate change, Climate, Pollution
Locations: India, South Asia, Asia
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China Climate
Summary: China opens new power stations despite rise in CO2 emissions
Story No: 527122
Aspect Ratio: 4:3
Date: 06/22/2007 07:24 AM


FILE: Lanzhou, Gansu Province - 27 April 2007

1. Wide pan of industrial complex on the bank of the Yellow River spewing various emissions

2. Mid of smokestacks

3. Mid of fire belching from top of burn-off stack

4. Tilt-up from cooling tower up smokestack

5. Close-up of sign for a cement factory

6. High angle view of bulldozer picking up sand for cement

7. High angle view of bulldozer dumping sand into dump truck as man watches

FILE: Jiuquan City, Gansu Province - 28 April 2007

8. Wide pan of power plant and steel mill in urban area showing cooling towers and smokestacks

9. Miniature model of power plant and steel mill complex

10. Model smokestacks

11. Model cooling towers

Beijing - 22 June 2007

12. SOUNDBITE: (English) Chee Yoke Ling, Consultant, Third World Network:

"There's no disagreement that coal fired power plants are very pollutant - polluting, they contribute not only to global warming gases, but also a lot of the dirt that you see. So China acknowledges that, but also says that, and it's very legitimate, that for a big country this size, with its development ambitions, they can't just phase out overnight from coal use."

Guiyang Anshun Power Plant, Guizhou Province - 15 September 2006

13. Wide of interior of new coal fired power plant

14. Close-up of shiny new pipes

15. Mid of new control room in Guiyang Anshun Power Plant

16. Over the shoulder view of man looking at computer

17. Controllers at computers

18. SOUNDBITE: (Mandarin) Mr. Hou, Control Room Manager at Guiyang Anshun Power Plant:

"Now we are focusing on sulphur dioxide emissions, this is a major polluter. We have already installed scrubbing equipment. We put in scrubbing devices."

19. Wide of exterior of Guiyang Anshun Power Plant with flags

20. Close-up of sign reading: China Guo Dian (China National Power)

Beijing - 22 June 2007

21. SOUNDBITE: (English) Chee Yoke Ling, Consultant, Third World Network:

"The consumption of the goods that are coming from a big part of this economic boom that uses a lot of the fossil fuels that we are concerned about is for export. So if you start calculating in a narrow sense per capita, by dividing the amount emitted by the number of people, then that number for China's real consumption for the average Chinese person will be even much lower."

Rural area, Gansu Province - 26 April 2007

22. Wide of exterior of large coal fired power plant in rural area

23. Wide of smokestacks and cooling towers

24. Wide of large coal fired power plant in the middle of empty area


It is hypocritical for developed countries to criticise China's greenhouse gas emissions while simultaneously buying products from its booming manufacturing sector, Beijing said on Thursday, defending its environmental record after a report said it had become the world's top carbon dioxide emitter.

While China was two percent below the United States in 2005, voracious coal consumption and increased cement production caused the numbers to rise rapidly, the Netherlands Environmental Assessment Agency said on Tuesday.

China overtook the US in CO2 emissions by about 7.5 percent in 2006, the report said.

On Thursday a spokesman for the Chinese Ministry of Foreign Affairs called China the "world's factory" and said criticism for its increased emissions was unfair.

On Friday Consultant Chee Yoke Ling from non-government organisation Third World Network, said a lot of the fossil fuels consumed in China are connected to export.

"The consumption of the goods that are coming from a big part of this economic boom that uses a lot of the fossil fuels that we are concerned about is for export," said Chee on Friday.

"So if you start calculating in a narrow sense per capita, by dividing the amount emitted by the number of people, then that number for China's real consumption for the average Chinese person will be even much lower," she added.

At the Guiyang Anshun Power Plant in Guizhou Province initiatives have been underway for some time to lower harmful emissions.

According to Mr. Hou, Control Room Manager at the Plant, 'scrubbing equipment' has already been installed to lessen sulphur dioxide output.

This month, China unveiled its first national program to combat global warming with promises to rein in greenhouse gas production.

While the program offered few new concrete targets for greenhouse gas emissions, it outlined steps the country would take to meet a previously announced goal of improving energy efficiency in 2010 by 20 percent over 2005's level.

Beijing has also indicated an unwillingness to enforce mandatory emissions caps.

Chee said China acknowledges that coal is a big polluter.

"There's no disagreement that coal fired power plants are very pollutant - polluting, they contribute not only to global warming gases, but also a lot of the dirt that you see. So China acknowledges that, but also says that, and it's very legitimate, that for a big country this size, with its development ambitions, they can't just phase out overnight from coal use," she said.

China, which has a population of 1.3 (b) billion people, spews about 10,500 pounds of carbon dioxide per person, while in the United States it is nearly 42,500 pounds per person.

Academics and experts from the United Nations and the US Energy Information Administration backed the report released on Tuesday by the Netherlands Environmental Assessment Agency, which is independent but paid by the Dutch government to advise it on environmental policy.

Earlier figures indicated China would likely surpass the US in greenhouse gas emissions as early as 2009, although other predictions said it could happen this year.

China relies on coal for two-thirds of its energy needs and makes 44 percent of the world's cement.

In comparison, the US gets half its electricity from coal.

China signed the 1997 Kyoto Protocol, which caps the amount of carbon dioxide that can be emitted in industrialised countries.

But because China is considered a developing country it is exempt from emission reductions, a situation often cited by the Bush administration and Australia for not accepting the treaty.

Keyword-climate change

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Subjects: Fossil fuel power generation, Production facilities, Steel manufacturing, Energy and the environment, Electric power generation, Air pollution, Pollution, Climate, Emissions reduction, Environmental treaties, Greenhouse effect, Economy, Climate change, Environmental concerns, Electric utilities, Utilities, Industries, Business, Electric utilities, Energy, Corporate news, Base metal manufacturing, Metal manufacturing, Metals and minerals, Materials, Environment, Environment and nature, Air quality, Air pollution, Environmental treaties, Treaties, International agreements, International relations, Government and politics, Climate change
Locations: China, Beijing, Netherlands, Greater China, East Asia, Asia, Western Europe, Europe
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(TT) Japan Ice
Summary: Drift ice is thinning due to global warming
Story No: 556705
Aspect Ratio: 4:3
Date: 03/15/2008 06:00 AM


Hokkaido - 20 and 21 February 2008

1. Aerial view near Memanbetsu Airport

2. Wide of flying Red-crowned cranes and swans

3. Tilt-down of sunshine to Ito Farm

4. Wide of Cape Nosappu

5. Mid of passengers on board icebreaker ship "Aurora" and seagull

6. Close of seagull

7. Wide of "Aurora" deck and drift ice

8. Wide of "Aurora" moving through drift ice

9. Mid of cockpit window overlooking drift ice

10. Pan from window to captain

11. SOUNDBITE: (Japanese) Keiichi Hori, Captain of icebreaker "Aurora"

"I observe drift ice every year, and I notice that it is getting thinner and thinner. The extent of drift ice has not changed much, but it has become thinner."

12. Mid of captain with binoculars

13. Mid of mast

14. Zoom out from Aurora's shadow gliding over drift ice to drift ice field

15. Mid of warmly dressed passengers

16. Wide of passengers on the deck

17. SOUNDBITE: (Japanese) Toshinori Inoue, Tourism Head, City of Abashiri

"The fact that the drift ice is diminishing means it is under the influence of global warming. We see drift ice as a barometer that measures the degree of global warming, and we are keeping close watch on the conditions of drift ice. But it is obvious that drift ice is diminishing. We are trying to protect it as a community."

18. Mid shot passing bus

19. Close of bus speed meter

20. Mid of driver driving bus

21. Wide of Kawaguchi Fishery Port

22. Mid of fishermen gathering their catch on the ice

23. SOUNDBITE: (Japanese): Yoko Tejima, Wild Bird Society of Japan

"According to fishermen here Lake Furen's ice is getting thinner."

24. Wide of snow mobile crossing the Kawaguchi Fishery Port

25. Wide of birds feeding on fishermen's leftover catch

26. Wide of visitors putting on dry suits for a dip in Abashiri coast

27. Wide tilt up from drift ice to visitors

27. Wide of visitors floating among drift ice

28. Mid of female visitor demonstrating how to float

29. Wide of icy Utoro district in Shiretoko


Global warming is beginning to affect the northern Japanese region of Hokkaido.

Melting drift ice is one of the more noticeable effects of climate change on the region and its inhabitants.

In response to the changing temperature some local officials have been trying to reduce carbon emissions.


Every year drift ice forming along the Siberian continent travels down to the northern coast of Kushiro in Japan's northern region of Hokkaido.

Usually massive white chunks crowd the coast for as long as 90 days, but more recently, eyewitnesses say the scale of drift ice has greatly diminished.

Much of the drift ice now melts in as little as one week.

Keiichi Hori is captain of the icebreaker "Aurora".

The vessel takes tourists on short excursions to experience the drift ice firsthand.

It's an opportunity that may not last much longer as the temperatures continue to increase.

Hori says that he has noticed that each year the drift ice becomes thinner and thinner, though he says the extent of it is still about the same.

Alarmed by these changes, the city of Abashiri has introduced the 'Drift Ice Trust' to reduce local CO2 emissions.

Toshinori Inoue, head of tourism in Abrashiri, says the melting drift ice is an obvious indicator of global warming.

He adds that the ice provides a way of gauging the effects of climate change, and the city is doing what it can to slow the rate of carbon emissions.

As a result, tourists now ride on hybrid buses and hotels are taking initiatives to adjust air conditioner temperature levels to prioritise nature over the luxury of comfort.

However, the thinning drift ice is also having an effect on conditions under the sea.

Drift ice is responsible for maintaining the sea temperature and cooling the surrounding water.

As cold water travels downward, it creates a nutrient-rich current from the seabed that spawns abundant micro organisms and fish life.

Without enough drift ice to cool the water and sustain the ecosystem, the fish population has been decreasing.

Yoko Tejima of the Wild Bird Society of Japan says fishermen are also reporting thinner ice on Lake Furen, resulting in smaller catches.

For the time being, visitors like those on board the "Aurora" can still enjoy the rare site.

Tourists are enticed to walk on the drift ice and float alongside it in the icy water.

But as temperatures continue to rise, time may be running out for Hokkaido's winter wonders.

As this summer's G8 summit approaches, local officials hope that these fun experiences will inform visitors about the rare and fragile natural phenomenon.

The surrounding Okhotsk Sea, Pacific Ocean, and Kuril Volcanic Belt that penetrates through the region has created unique geological features such as the wetlands, forests, grasslands, and numerous lakes and rivers.

The region attracts about 350 out of 550 species of migrating and resident birds in Japan.

Many of these locations are designated as national parks. The Shiretoko area became a World Natural Heritage site in July 2005.

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Subjects: Coastlines and beaches, Animals, Travel, Lakes, Climate change, Environmental concerns, Emissions reduction, Air pollution, Environment and nature, Living things, Lifestyle, Environment, Climate change, Climate, Pollution, Air quality, Air pollution
Locations: Hokkaidō, Hokkaidō, Japan
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Climate Change Clipreel Vol. 1: Part 3
Summary: Germany - Co2 Emissions Meter, China - Xinjiang Oil, Nigeria - Oil, Brazil: Rainforest Animals, Thailand: Rainforest
Story No: X01552
Source: WTN, APTN
Aspect Ratio: 4:3
Date: 07/31/1988 12:00 AM


Germany - CO2 Emissions meter


Berlin - 31 March 1995 and file

1. Large CO2 emission meter set up by Friends of the Earth in city centre


China - Xinjiang Oil


Desert in Xinjiang Province - 26 May 1995

1. WS truck riding, oil wells in background

2. Flames from oil processing

3. WS oil platform

4. Workers at oil rig


Nigeria - Oil


Port Harcourt and Niger Delta, Nigeria - 3 and 4 March 1999

Various aerial shots of Niger Delta showing oil rigs

Various of flames from oil burn-off pipes


EF106B - Brazil: Rainforest Animals


Brazil - 31 July 1988 and file

1. Rainforest

2. Tractor

3. Man cutting tree

4. Logging

5. Smoldering land from slash and burn techniques


EF101E - Thailand: Rainforest


Thailand - 31 July 1988 and file

The Government of Thailand is locked in a bitter battle against poachers who are destroying that country's valuable rainforest. Armed rangers patrol the forest in an attempt to reduce the destruction. But even the local peasants are finding ways around the law and illegally poaching wood.

1. Pan of rainforest in Thailand

2. Zoom back from forest to show vegetation

3. Aerials of illegal logs being held

4. Logs on ground

5. Denuded hillsides with zoom out to peasants working on land

6. Site of one night's raid which netted poachers over 300 trees

7. Raid on illegal saw mill

8. Dismantling illegal saw mill

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Subjects: Rain forests, Climate change, Environmental concerns, Forests, Environment and nature, Environment, Climate change, Climate
Locations: Nigeria, West Africa, Africa
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Climate Change Clipreel Vol. 1: Part 7
Summary: Various: Ozone Layer, Chile: Ozone Theories
Story No: X01556
Source: WTN
Aspect Ratio: 4:3
Date: 12/31/1988 05:00 AM


EF101C - Various: Ozone Layer


Antarctic - 1988

Political pressure is mounting for instant and drastic cuts in the production of Chlorofluorocarbons (CFCs), widely used in aerosols and foam plastics. Scientists believe CFCs are a major contributor to the thinning of the earth's protective ozone layer and a massive hole which appears in it above the Antarctica every year. The United Nations Environment Programme recently sponsored a major conference to address this issue.

1. Penguins and killer whale in Antarctica

2. Antarctica wasteland

3. Scientists in Antarctica

4. Animated stills of satellite pictures of the hole in the ozone layer

5. Sot Rafe Pomerance - World Resources Institute and u'lay lifestyle scenes

6. Aerosol spray packs

7. Polystyrene food packs

8. Pilot strapping into ER2 high altitude research plane at Punta Arenas

9. ER-2 plane taking off.


EF102C - Chile: Ozone Theories


Chile and Antarctic - 1988

An airborne scientific expedition investigating Ozone depletion above Antarctica has produced a strong weight of evidence to suggest that chemical and meteorological processes are responsible. The findings will increase pressure for immediate and total bans on the reduction of Chlorofluorocarbon (CFCS).

1. DC8 "flying laboratory" taking off from Punta Arenas

2. Aerials of Antarctica

3. VS shots of scientists and of recording equipment aboard DB8.

4. Animated stills of satellite photographs of ozone hole.

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Subjects: Ozone layer depletion, Environmental concerns, Climate change, Environment, Environment and nature, Climate change, Climate
Locations: Chile, South America, Latin America and Caribbean
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