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North Korea: The Fatherland Liberation War, Vol.3
Title:
SD
Summary: "Overcoming the Severe Ordeal and Toward the Counter-Attack": Part 7
Story No: X06526
Source: KRT
Aspect Ratio: 4:3
Date: 10/30/1950 12:00 AM
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Image of Kim Il-Sung talking with troops

DPRK map showing key positions in central Korea

Chinese officer addresses his troops

Chinese troops run through a Korean village, covered in snow

Vehicles, buildings burn as Chinese troops run firing through town

Interview with a Chinese film producer

DPRK/Chinese troops pour down a hill, UN tanks are shown abandoned

Troops [Chinese?] receive military training [note: both male and female soldiers are shown]

Troops ski down slopes

UN troops walk through village, march residents out at bayonet-point

Large areas of dead civilian bodies, strewn.

**Please note: this programme was produced by the Documentary Film Studio of the DPRK and offers a version of events, commentary and opinion from the perspective of the DPRK.**

This tape looks at the period from September 1950 to the early Spring of 1951. It starts with an audacious amphibious landing at Incheon by the UN forces, which enabled them to break out from the Southeastern Busan Perimeter.

After the landing at Incheon in September 1950, UN forces rapidly pushed north beyond the 38th parrallel (note: the 38th parrallel was the demarcation line for the DPRK and ROK before the Korean War. The initial mandate for UN forces was a 'police action': to check and repel the DPRK advance. Crossing into DPRK territory carried significant political and strategic implications and was not without controversy). The UN forces drove north in two main fronts, under two separate commanders: Major General Almond led the X Corps into the northeast of the DPRK, up to the Chosin (Jangjin) reservoir, and General Walker led the 8th Army and ROK forces up the west of the DPRK, taking the capital Pyongyang and pushing up towards the Yalu river (the Chinese border).

By November 1950 the UN armies had met little effective resistance to their advances and were fairly confident they had won the war.

The Chinese 'People's Volunteer Army' joined forces with the DPRK armies around this time, and succeeded in checking the UN advance. By the end of 1950, in very harsh winter conditions (which killed almost a third of the PVA) and facing a large Chinese army, Walker's 8th Army collapsed, whilst Almond's X Corps managed to stage a more structured retreat.

The combined Communist forces chased the retreating UN armies South, recapturing the cities of Pyongyang and Seoul on the way.

The tape ends at the 'high-point' of the Communist advance South, and notes the UN buildup of more troops and machinery.

The tape celebrates key Communist victories, including the battles for Cheongcheon river, Jangjun reservoir, and the battles for Pyongyang and Seoul. It does not reflect the extent to which the Communist successes against the UN forces were reliant on Chinese efforts in its visual nor [it is believed] audio accounts. As well as looking at Communist advances and revelling in UN retreats, the tape attempts to protray the US as cheating its soldiers: it often contrasts the very poor conditions of the UN soldiers with ridiculous footage of a luxurious US lifestyle. It also devotes some time to exploring the US national psyche.

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Subjects: Armed forces, Army, Military and defense, Government and politics
Organisations: Chinese armed forces, China government
Locations: Pyongyang, North Korea, Seoul, East Asia, Asia, South Korea
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North Korea: The Fatherland Liberation War, Vol.3
Title:
SD
Summary: "Overcoming the Severe Ordeal and Toward the Counter-Attack": Part 16
Story No: X06535
Source: KRT
Aspect Ratio: 4:3
Date: 12/30/1950 12:00 AM
People:
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Truman speaks [presumed to be a televised address]

US newspaper presses run papers

A globe spins round

Demonstrations around the world protest the war in Korea

UN ships press on through the waves

Fresh soldiers march onto the ships

Covered UN tanks

**Please note: this programme was produced by the Documentary Film Studio of the DPRK and offers a version of events, commentary and opinion from the perspective of the DPRK.**

This tape looks at the period from September 1950 to the early Spring of 1951. It starts with an audacious amphibious landing at Incheon by the UN forces, which enabled them to break out from the Southeastern Busan Perimeter.

After the landing at Incheon in September 1950, UN forces rapidly pushed north beyond the 38th parrallel (note: the 38th parrallel was the demarcation line for the DPRK and ROK before the Korean War. The initial mandate for UN forces was a 'police action': to check and repel the DPRK advance. Crossing into DPRK territory carried significant political and strategic implications and was not without controversy). The UN forces drove north in two main fronts, under two separate commanders: Major General Almond led the X Corps into the northeast of the DPRK, up to the Chosin (Jangjin) reservoir, and General Walker led the 8th Army and ROK forces up the west of the DPRK, taking the capital Pyongyang and pushing up towards the Yalu river (the Chinese border).

By November 1950 the UN armies had met little effective resistance to their advances and were fairly confident they had won the war.

The Chinese 'People's Volunteer Army' joined forces with the DPRK armies around this time, and succeeded in checking the UN advance. By the end of 1950, in very harsh winter conditions (which killed almost a third of the PVA) and facing a large Chinese army, Walker's 8th Army collapsed, whilst Almond's X Corps managed to stage a more structured retreat.

The combined Communist forces chased the retreating UN armies South, recapturing the cities of Pyongyang and Seoul on the way.

The tape ends at the 'high-point' of the Communist advance South, and notes the UN buildup of more troops and machinery.

The tape celebrates key Communist victories, including the battles for Cheongcheon river, Jangjun reservoir, and the battles for Pyongyang and Seoul. It does not reflect the extent to which the Communist successes against the UN forces were reliant on Chinese efforts in its visual nor [it is believed] audio accounts. As well as looking at Communist advances and revelling in UN retreats, the tape attempts to protray the US as cheating its soldiers: it often contrasts the very poor conditions of the UN soldiers with ridiculous footage of a luxurious US lifestyle. It also devotes some time to exploring the US national psyche.

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Subjects: Armed forces, Army, Military and defense, Government and politics
Locations: North Korea, Pyongyang, Seoul, East Asia, Asia, South Korea
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North Korea: The Fatherland Liberation War, Vol.3
Title:
SD
Summary: "Overcoming the Severe Ordeal and Toward the Counter-Attack": Part 2
Story No: X06521
Source: KRT
Aspect Ratio: 4:3
Date: 09/15/1950 12:00 AM
People:
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Aerial of a Japanese city

US document directing the Japanese Government to ready twenty minesweepers [Note: the document is dated the "4 Oct. 19??" (last two numbers obscured). The document does not state that the minesweepers will be put to use in the Korean war, but the footage implies so]

Map of Korea in Japanese, with arrows coming from Japan and pointing to Korean coastal cities.

Tidal map [in English] for September 1950, the month of the Incheon landings.

Photo of MacArthur attending a briefing

Heavily stylised English map of south Korea, showing the direction and targets of UN naval and air attacks as part of the Incheon landings

UN naval vessels at sea

[Present day] A DPRK guide in a museum talks to an audience about a picture of KIS pointing at a large wall-map of the Korean peninsula with [presumably] advisors at hand.

Detailed DPRK topographical map of the Korean peninsula showing US naval positions

**Please note: this programme was produced by the Documentary Film Studio of the DPRK and offers a version of events, commentary and opinion from the perspective of the DPRK.**

This tape looks at the period from September 1950 to the early Spring of 1951. It starts with an audacious amphibious landing at Incheon by the UN forces, which enabled them to break out from the Southeastern Busan Perimeter.

After the landing at Incheon in September 1950, UN forces rapidly pushed north beyond the 38th parrallel (note: the 38th parrallel was the demarcation line for the DPRK and ROK before the Korean War. The initial mandate for UN forces was a 'police action': to check and repel the DPRK advance. Crossing into DPRK territory carried significant political and strategic implications and was not without controversy). The UN forces drove north in two main fronts, under two separate commanders: Major General Almond led the X Corps into the northeast of the DPRK, up to the Chosin (Jangjin) reservoir, and General Walker led the 8th Army and ROK forces up the west of the DPRK, taking the capital Pyongyang and pushing up towards the Yalu river (the Chinese border).

By November 1950 the UN armies had met little effective resistance to their advances and were fairly confident they had won the war.

The Chinese 'People's Volunteer Army' joined forces with the DPRK armies around this time, and succeeded in checking the UN advance. By the end of 1950, in very harsh winter conditions (which killed almost a third of the PVA) and facing a large Chinese army, Walker's 8th Army collapsed, whilst Almond's X Corps managed to stage a more structured retreat.

The combined Communist forces chased the retreating UN armies South, recapturing the cities of Pyongyang and Seoul on the way.

The tape ends at the 'high-point' of the Communist advance South, and notes the UN buildup of more troops and machinery.

The tape celebrates key Communist victories, including the battles for Cheongcheon river, Jangjun reservoir, and the battles for Pyongyang and Seoul. It does not reflect the extent to which the Communist successes against the UN forces were reliant on Chinese efforts in its visual nor [it is believed] audio accounts. As well as looking at Communist advances and revelling in UN retreats, the tape attempts to protray the US as cheating its soldiers: it often contrasts the very poor conditions of the UN soldiers with ridiculous footage of a luxurious US lifestyle. It also devotes some time to exploring the US national psyche.

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Subjects: Armed forces, Army, Military and defense, Government and politics
Locations: North Korea, Pyongyang, Seoul, South Korea, East Asia, Asia
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North Korea: The Fatherland Liberation War, Vol.3
Title:
SD
Summary: "Overcoming the Severe Ordeal and Toward the Counter-Attack": Part 11
Story No: X06530
Source: KRT
Aspect Ratio: 4:3
Date: 12/30/1950 12:00 AM
People:
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Footage of UN forces washing their tattooed bodies

Footage of "What America Is": Close-up of the US eagle, clutching spears; US troops scream and advance with bayonets; troops train by fighting to the floor; troops advance through streets and shoot civilians; bodies and skeletons lie decomposing on a beach with a superimposed US soldier standing on a skull

The statue of liberty

UN prisoners of war stare at camera, lined up.

UN troops in uniform perform ceremonial march, footage then shows UN prisoners of war marching.

DPRK flag-bearing troops run triumphant across a smouldering landscape after the battle of Cheongcheon river: "To Pyeongyang!"

DPRK troops march across railways, across roads, up snowy hills, across snowy plains.

**Please note: this programme was produced by the Documentary Film Studio of the DPRK and offers a version of events, commentary and opinion from the perspective of the DPRK.**

This tape looks at the period from September 1950 to the early Spring of 1951. It starts with an audacious amphibious landing at Incheon by the UN forces, which enabled them to break out from the Southeastern Busan Perimeter.

After the landing at Incheon in September 1950, UN forces rapidly pushed north beyond the 38th parrallel (note: the 38th parrallel was the demarcation line for the DPRK and ROK before the Korean War. The initial mandate for UN forces was a 'police action': to check and repel the DPRK advance. Crossing into DPRK territory carried significant political and strategic implications and was not without controversy). The UN forces drove north in two main fronts, under two separate commanders: Major General Almond led the X Corps into the northeast of the DPRK, up to the Chosin (Jangjin) reservoir, and General Walker led the 8th Army and ROK forces up the west of the DPRK, taking the capital Pyongyang and pushing up towards the Yalu river (the Chinese border).

By November 1950 the UN armies had met little effective resistance to their advances and were fairly confident they had won the war.

The Chinese 'People's Volunteer Army' joined forces with the DPRK armies around this time, and succeeded in checking the UN advance. By the end of 1950, in very harsh winter conditions (which killed almost a third of the PVA) and facing a large Chinese army, Walker's 8th Army collapsed, whilst Almond's X Corps managed to stage a more structured retreat.

The combined Communist forces chased the retreating UN armies South, recapturing the cities of Pyongyang and Seoul on the way.

The tape ends at the 'high-point' of the Communist advance South, and notes the UN buildup of more troops and machinery.

The tape celebrates key Communist victories, including the battles for Cheongcheon river, Jangjun reservoir, and the battles for Pyongyang and Seoul. It does not reflect the extent to which the Communist successes against the UN forces were reliant on Chinese efforts in its visual nor [it is believed] audio accounts. As well as looking at Communist advances and revelling in UN retreats, the tape attempts to protray the US as cheating its soldiers: it often contrasts the very poor conditions of the UN soldiers with ridiculous footage of a luxurious US lifestyle. It also devotes some time to exploring the US national psyche.

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Subjects: Armed forces, Army, Military and defense, Government and politics
Locations: North Korea, Pyongyang, Seoul, East Asia, Asia, South Korea
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North Korea: The Fatherland Liberation War, Vol.3
Title:
SD
Summary: "Overcoming the Severe Ordeal and Toward the Counter-Attack": Part 8
Story No: X06527
Source: KRT
Aspect Ratio: 4:3
Date: 10/30/1950 12:00 AM
People:
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Communist forces cheer and raise their rifles, march through waist-deep snow

Small bands of Communist forces attack UN positions

Interview with a DPRK young soldier of the time

Schoolboys cut UN wires, and plant road-traps

Teenagers attack UN positions

UN supply dump burns

**Please note: this programme was produced by the Documentary Film Studio of the DPRK and offers a version of events, commentary and opinion from the perspective of the DPRK.**

This tape looks at the period from September 1950 to the early Spring of 1951. It starts with an audacious amphibious landing at Incheon by the UN forces, which enabled them to break out from the Southeastern Busan Perimeter.

After the landing at Incheon in September 1950, UN forces rapidly pushed north beyond the 38th parrallel (note: the 38th parrallel was the demarcation line for the DPRK and ROK before the Korean War. The initial mandate for UN forces was a 'police action': to check and repel the DPRK advance. Crossing into DPRK territory carried significant political and strategic implications and was not without controversy). The UN forces drove north in two main fronts, under two separate commanders: Major General Almond led the X Corps into the northeast of the DPRK, up to the Chosin (Jangjin) reservoir, and General Walker led the 8th Army and ROK forces up the west of the DPRK, taking the capital Pyongyang and pushing up towards the Yalu river (the Chinese border).

By November 1950 the UN armies had met little effective resistance to their advances and were fairly confident they had won the war.

The Chinese 'People's Volunteer Army' joined forces with the DPRK armies around this time, and succeeded in checking the UN advance. By the end of 1950, in very harsh winter conditions (which killed almost a third of the PVA) and facing a large Chinese army, Walker's 8th Army collapsed, whilst Almond's X Corps managed to stage a more structured retreat.

The combined Communist forces chased the retreating UN armies South, recapturing the cities of Pyongyang and Seoul on the way.

The tape ends at the 'high-point' of the Communist advance South, and notes the UN buildup of more troops and machinery.

The tape celebrates key Communist victories, including the battles for Cheongcheon river, Jangjun reservoir, and the battles for Pyongyang and Seoul. It does not reflect the extent to which the Communist successes against the UN forces were reliant on Chinese efforts in its visual nor [it is believed] audio accounts. As well as looking at Communist advances and revelling in UN retreats, the tape attempts to protray the US as cheating its soldiers: it often contrasts the very poor conditions of the UN soldiers with ridiculous footage of a luxurious US lifestyle. It also devotes some time to exploring the US national psyche.

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Subjects: Armed forces, Army, Military and defense, Government and politics
Locations: North Korea, Pyongyang, Seoul, East Asia, Asia, South Korea
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North Korea: The Fatherland Liberation War, Vol.3
Title:
SD
Summary: "Overcoming the Severe Ordeal and Toward the Counter-Attack": Part 14
Story No: X06533
Source: KRT
Aspect Ratio: 4:3
Date: 12/30/1950 12:00 AM
People:
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Panoramic of Pyongyang's river

Large building burns in Pyongyang

Wounded UN soldier escorted away

UN soldiers march in retreat past a US tank, facing the opposite direction

Camouflagued Communist troops look through binoculars from fox-hole

Communist troops run and shoot through a half-ruined Pyongyang in the 'Battle for the Liberation of Pyongyang'.

Communist troops fire up a flight of stairs before rushing up

Communist troops stand atop a large building, waving flags and running the DPRK flag up a flagpole

DPRK flag flies in the wind; a US flag burns on the ground

UN tanks smolder on the battlefield, dead UN bodies lie around.

UN tanks sit on cargo trains

UN vehicles abandoned in a yard; UN tanks abandoned on a bridge

**Please note: this programme was produced by the Documentary Film Studio of the DPRK and offers a version of events, commentary and opinion from the perspective of the DPRK.**

This tape looks at the period from September 1950 to the early Spring of 1951. It starts with an audacious amphibious landing at Incheon by the UN forces, which enabled them to break out from the Southeastern Busan Perimeter.

After the landing at Incheon in September 1950, UN forces rapidly pushed north beyond the 38th parrallel (note: the 38th parrallel was the demarcation line for the DPRK and ROK before the Korean War. The initial mandate for UN forces was a 'police action': to check and repel the DPRK advance. Crossing into DPRK territory carried significant political and strategic implications and was not without controversy). The UN forces drove north in two main fronts, under two separate commanders: Major General Almond led the X Corps into the northeast of the DPRK, up to the Chosin (Jangjin) reservoir, and General Walker led the 8th Army and ROK forces up the west of the DPRK, taking the capital Pyongyang and pushing up towards the Yalu river (the Chinese border).

By November 1950 the UN armies had met little effective resistance to their advances and were fairly confident they had won the war.

The Chinese 'People's Volunteer Army' joined forces with the DPRK armies around this time, and succeeded in checking the UN advance. By the end of 1950, in very harsh winter conditions (which killed almost a third of the PVA) and facing a large Chinese army, Walker's 8th Army collapsed, whilst Almond's X Corps managed to stage a more structured retreat.

The combined Communist forces chased the retreating UN armies South, recapturing the cities of Pyongyang and Seoul on the way.

The tape ends at the 'high-point' of the Communist advance South, and notes the UN buildup of more troops and machinery.

The tape celebrates key Communist victories, including the battles for Cheongcheon river, Jangjun reservoir, and the battles for Pyongyang and Seoul. It does not reflect the extent to which the Communist successes against the UN forces were reliant on Chinese efforts in its visual nor [it is believed] audio accounts. As well as looking at Communist advances and revelling in UN retreats, the tape attempts to protray the US as cheating its soldiers: it often contrasts the very poor conditions of the UN soldiers with ridiculous footage of a luxurious US lifestyle. It also devotes some time to exploring the US national psyche.

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Subjects: Armed forces, Army, Military and defense, Government and politics
Locations: North Korea, Pyongyang, Seoul, East Asia, Asia, South Korea
Show story thumbnails
North Korea: The Fatherland Liberation War, Vol.3
Title:
SD
Summary: "Overcoming the Severe Ordeal and Toward the Counter-Attack": Part 17
Story No: X06536
Source: KRT
Aspect Ratio: 4:3
Date: 12/30/1950 12:00 AM
People:
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Communist troops rush towards Seoul, for the 'Battle for the Liberation of Seoul'

UN tanks retreat through the city, soldiers at machine-gun nests run for cover

Street fighting in front of Seoul's Arc de Triumphe; troops run in front of Seoul's Capitol building

Communist troops run through half-destroyed buildings, and fire

Wounded UN soldier is attended to by UN forces

Surrendered UN troops are marched out of a building

Communist forces cheer on top of a building, with their rifles held aloft

A DPRK flag is waved in front of the Capitol building, which is covered in scaffolding

A lady posts a notice up to a wall

A soldier speaks with civilians

Map showing the general advance of the Communist forces south of Seoul across the width of the peninsula

UN sodliers pack up tents, shift supplies

Burnt out UN vehicles

Burnt out UN artillery lies by the roadside

Korean mountains and coast

A small fire burns on a wooded-hill

**Please note: this programme was produced by the Documentary Film Studio of the DPRK and offers a version of events, commentary and opinion from the perspective of the DPRK.**

This tape looks at the period from September 1950 to the early Spring of 1951. It starts with an audacious amphibious landing at Incheon by the UN forces, which enabled them to break out from the Southeastern Busan Perimeter.

After the landing at Incheon in September 1950, UN forces rapidly pushed north beyond the 38th parrallel (note: the 38th parrallel was the demarcation line for the DPRK and ROK before the Korean War. The initial mandate for UN forces was a 'police action': to check and repel the DPRK advance. Crossing into DPRK territory carried significant political and strategic implications and was not without controversy). The UN forces drove north in two main fronts, under two separate commanders: Major General Almond led the X Corps into the northeast of the DPRK, up to the Chosin (Jangjin) reservoir, and General Walker led the 8th Army and ROK forces up the west of the DPRK, taking the capital Pyongyang and pushing up towards the Yalu river (the Chinese border).

By November 1950 the UN armies had met little effective resistance to their advances and were fairly confident they had won the war.

The Chinese 'People's Volunteer Army' joined forces with the DPRK armies around this time, and succeeded in checking the UN advance. By the end of 1950, in very harsh winter conditions (which killed almost a third of the PVA) and facing a large Chinese army, Walker's 8th Army collapsed, whilst Almond's X Corps managed to stage a more structured retreat.

The combined Communist forces chased the retreating UN armies South, recapturing the cities of Pyongyang and Seoul on the way.

The tape ends at the 'high-point' of the Communist advance South, and notes the UN buildup of more troops and machinery.

The tape celebrates key Communist victories, including the battles for Cheongcheon river, Jangjun reservoir, and the battles for Pyongyang and Seoul. It does not reflect the extent to which the Communist successes against the UN forces were reliant on Chinese efforts in its visual nor [it is believed] audio accounts. As well as looking at Communist advances and revelling in UN retreats, the tape attempts to protray the US as cheating its soldiers: it often contrasts the very poor conditions of the UN soldiers with ridiculous footage of a luxurious US lifestyle. It also devotes some time to exploring the US national psyche.

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Subjects: War and unrest, Armed forces, Army, General news, Military and defense, Government and politics
Locations: North Korea, Pyongyang, Seoul, East Asia, Asia, South Korea
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North Korea: The Fatherland Liberation War, Vol.3
Title:
SD
Summary: "Overcoming the Severe Ordeal and Toward the Counter-Attack": Part 9
Story No: X06528
Source: KRT
Aspect Ratio: 4:3
Date: 11/30/1950 12:00 AM
People:
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Flag-bearing Communist forces run across a plain

Aerial pan of a winter mountain-scape, showing the [command-post?] of Kim Il-Sung during the winter (of 1950)

Map of the Korean peninsula [without timescale] shows Communist forces conducting a massive advance southwards against UN positions in the centre of the peninsula

Photos of Kim Il-Sung talking with soldiers

Communist forces shine artillery shells and clean rifles ["The waiting is over!"]

Troops remove camouflage concealing tanks

Communist forces march in strength across roads and through towns

**Please note: this programme was produced by the Documentary Film Studio of the DPRK and offers a version of events, commentary and opinion from the perspective of the DPRK.**

This tape looks at the period from September 1950 to the early Spring of 1951. It starts with an audacious amphibious landing at Incheon by the UN forces, which enabled them to break out from the Southeastern Busan Perimeter.

After the landing at Incheon in September 1950, UN forces rapidly pushed north beyond the 38th parrallel (note: the 38th parrallel was the demarcation line for the DPRK and ROK before the Korean War. The initial mandate for UN forces was a 'police action': to check and repel the DPRK advance. Crossing into DPRK territory carried significant political and strategic implications and was not without controversy). The UN forces drove north in two main fronts, under two separate commanders: Major General Almond led the X Corps into the northeast of the DPRK, up to the Chosin (Jangjin) reservoir, and General Walker led the 8th Army and ROK forces up the west of the DPRK, taking the capital Pyongyang and pushing up towards the Yalu river (the Chinese border).

By November 1950 the UN armies had met little effective resistance to their advances and were fairly confident they had won the war.

The Chinese 'People's Volunteer Army' joined forces with the DPRK armies around this time, and succeeded in checking the UN advance. By the end of 1950, in very harsh winter conditions (which killed almost a third of the PVA) and facing a large Chinese army, Walker's 8th Army collapsed, whilst Almond's X Corps managed to stage a more structured retreat.

The combined Communist forces chased the retreating UN armies South, recapturing the cities of Pyongyang and Seoul on the way.

The tape ends at the 'high-point' of the Communist advance South, and notes the UN buildup of more troops and machinery.

The tape celebrates key Communist victories, including the battles for Cheongcheon river, Jangjun reservoir, and the battles for Pyongyang and Seoul. It does not reflect the extent to which the Communist successes against the UN forces were reliant on Chinese efforts in its visual nor [it is believed] audio accounts. As well as looking at Communist advances and revelling in UN retreats, the tape attempts to protray the US as cheating its soldiers: it often contrasts the very poor conditions of the UN soldiers with ridiculous footage of a luxurious US lifestyle. It also devotes some time to exploring the US national psyche.

Expand shotlist extract
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Subjects: Armed forces, Army, Military and defense, Government and politics
Locations: North Korea, Pyongyang, Seoul, East Asia, Asia, South Korea
Show story thumbnails
North Korea: The Fatherland Liberation War, Vol.3
Title:
SD
Summary: "Overcoming the Severe Ordeal and Toward the Counter-Attack": Part 3
Story No: X06522
Source: KRT
Aspect Ratio: 4:3
Date: 09/15/1950 12:00 AM
People:
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Aerial pan of an undestroyed Incheon, aerial images of Incheon burning

UN naval vessels proceed in formation

Map of south Korea, showing the UN Pusan Perimeter, DPRK coastal defences, and the size of the UN force assembling for the Incheon landings (1,000 planes; 300 ships; 50,000 men)

UN naval forces shell Wolmi island (Wolmido) on September 13th [Wolmido overlooks the Incheon landing site]

DPRK artillery on Wolmido retaliate and destroy UN ships

Shells fire continuously in the black of night

MacArthur surveys the scene from a UN ship

**Please note: this programme was produced by the Documentary Film Studio of the DPRK and offers a version of events, commentary and opinion from the perspective of the DPRK.**

This tape looks at the period from September 1950 to the early Spring of 1951. It starts with an audacious amphibious landing at Incheon by the UN forces, which enabled them to break out from the Southeastern Busan Perimeter.

After the landing at Incheon in September 1950, UN forces rapidly pushed north beyond the 38th parrallel (note: the 38th parrallel was the demarcation line for the DPRK and ROK before the Korean War. The initial mandate for UN forces was a 'police action': to check and repel the DPRK advance. Crossing into DPRK territory carried significant political and strategic implications and was not without controversy). The UN forces drove north in two main fronts, under two separate commanders: Major General Almond led the X Corps into the northeast of the DPRK, up to the Chosin (Jangjin) reservoir, and General Walker led the 8th Army and ROK forces up the west of the DPRK, taking the capital Pyongyang and pushing up towards the Yalu river (the Chinese border).

By November 1950 the UN armies had met little effective resistance to their advances and were fairly confident they had won the war.

The Chinese 'People's Volunteer Army' joined forces with the DPRK armies around this time, and succeeded in checking the UN advance. By the end of 1950, in very harsh winter conditions (which killed almost a third of the PVA) and facing a large Chinese army, Walker's 8th Army collapsed, whilst Almond's X Corps managed to stage a more structured retreat.

The combined Communist forces chased the retreating UN armies South, recapturing the cities of Pyongyang and Seoul on the way.

The tape ends at the 'high-point' of the Communist advance South, and notes the UN buildup of more troops and machinery.

The tape celebrates key Communist victories, including the battles for Cheongcheon river, Jangjun reservoir, and the battles for Pyongyang and Seoul. It does not reflect the extent to which the Communist successes against the UN forces were reliant on Chinese efforts in its visual nor [it is believed] audio accounts. As well as looking at Communist advances and revelling in UN retreats, the tape attempts to protray the US as cheating its soldiers: it often contrasts the very poor conditions of the UN soldiers with ridiculous footage of a luxurious US lifestyle. It also devotes some time to exploring the US national psyche.

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Subjects: Armed forces, Army, Military and defense, Government and politics
Locations: Incheon, Incheon, South Korea
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North Korea: The Fatherland Liberation War, Vol.3
Title:
SD
Summary: "Overcoming the Severe Ordeal and Toward the Counter-Attack": Part 13
Story No: X06532
Source: KRT
Aspect Ratio: 4:3
Date: 12/30/1950 12:00 AM
People:
Subscription:

A Communist flare shoots across the sky

Artillery fires [note: some of the explosions shown can not be from the Winter 1950 campaign, as the ground is without snow or frost and the trees and bushes are in leaf]

Communist troops follow the artillery barrage [note: it is generally accepted in the secondary literature on the Korean War that the Communist forces were severely lacking in artillery, and that this was the principle reason X Corps was able to retreat]

UN troops fire mortars from holes in the snow

Communist troops fire machine guns behind barbed wire whilst troops rush forward

US plane lies tangled and burns as Communist troops run fast

Dead UN soldiers lie face-down in the snow

Communist soldiers (appear to be decorated) examine and prod the collapsed wing of a US plane-wreck

Dead UN soldiers lie beneath and hang out of a plane

Communist soldiers atop a tank play musical instruments, laugh, and dance triumphantly

A Communist tank rolls down a young tree

Communist troops run through a small valley

UN troops retreat on cow-back

Snow-camouflaged UN troops march in retreat

Map of north Korea shows the Communist advance against the UN armies in the West and Northeast of the peninsula

Panoramic clip from inland of the UN navy along the coast

UN soldiers file onto naval personnell carriers in retreat [presumed to be at Hamheung]

UN troops blow-up a tower, supply dumps, oil in retreat

UN soldiers pays their respects at a UN military cemetery

**Please note: this programme was produced by the Documentary Film Studio of the DPRK and offers a version of events, commentary and opinion from the perspective of the DPRK.**

This tape looks at the period from September 1950 to the early Spring of 1951. It starts with an audacious amphibious landing at Incheon by the UN forces, which enabled them to break out from the Southeastern Busan Perimeter.

After the landing at Incheon in September 1950, UN forces rapidly pushed north beyond the 38th parrallel (note: the 38th parrallel was the demarcation line for the DPRK and ROK before the Korean War. The initial mandate for UN forces was a 'police action': to check and repel the DPRK advance. Crossing into DPRK territory carried significant political and strategic implications and was not without controversy). The UN forces drove north in two main fronts, under two separate commanders: Major General Almond led the X Corps into the northeast of the DPRK, up to the Chosin (Jangjin) reservoir, and General Walker led the 8th Army and ROK forces up the west of the DPRK, taking the capital Pyongyang and pushing up towards the Yalu river (the Chinese border).

By November 1950 the UN armies had met little effective resistance to their advances and were fairly confident they had won the war.

The Chinese 'People's Volunteer Army' joined forces with the DPRK armies around this time, and succeeded in checking the UN advance. By the end of 1950, in very harsh winter conditions (which killed almost a third of the PVA) and facing a large Chinese army, Walker's 8th Army collapsed, whilst Almond's X Corps managed to stage a more structured retreat.

The combined Communist forces chased the retreating UN armies South, recapturing the cities of Pyongyang and Seoul on the way.

The tape ends at the 'high-point' of the Communist advance South, and notes the UN buildup of more troops and machinery.

The tape celebrates key Communist victories, including the battles for Cheongcheon river, Jangjun reservoir, and the battles for Pyongyang and Seoul. It does not reflect the extent to which the Communist successes against the UN forces were reliant on Chinese efforts in its visual nor [it is believed] audio accounts. As well as looking at Communist advances and revelling in UN retreats, the tape attempts to protray the US as cheating its soldiers: it often contrasts the very poor conditions of the UN soldiers with ridiculous footage of a luxurious US lifestyle. It also devotes some time to exploring the US national psyche.

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Subjects: Armed forces, Army, Accidents and disasters, Military and defense, Government and politics, General news
Locations: North Korea, Pyongyang, Seoul, East Asia, Asia, South Korea
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