1. Wide pan of industrial complex on the bank of the Yellow River spewing various emissions
2. Mid of smokestacks
3. Mid of fire belching from top of burn-off stack
4. Tilt-up from cooling tower up smokestack
5. Close-up of sign for a cement factory
6. High angle view of bulldozer picking up sand for cement
7. High angle view of bulldozer dumping sand into dump truck as man watches
FILE: Jiuquan City, Gansu Province - 28 April 2007
8. Wide pan of power plant and steel mill in urban area showing cooling towers and smokestacks
9. Miniature model of power plant and steel mill complex
10. Model smokestacks
11. Model cooling towers
Beijing - 22 June 2007
12. SOUNDBITE: (English) Chee Yoke Ling, Consultant, Third World Network:
"There's no disagreement that coal fired power plants are very pollutant - polluting, they contribute not only to global warming gases, but also a lot of the dirt that you see. So China acknowledges that, but also says that, and it's very legitimate, that for a big country this size, with its development ambitions, they can't just phase out overnight from coal use."
Guiyang Anshun Power Plant, Guizhou Province - 15 September 2006
13. Wide of interior of new coal fired power plant
14. Close-up of shiny new pipes
15. Mid of new control room in Guiyang Anshun Power Plant
16. Over the shoulder view of man looking at computer
17. Controllers at computers
18. SOUNDBITE: (Mandarin) Mr. Hou, Control Room Manager at Guiyang Anshun Power Plant:
"Now we are focusing on sulphur dioxide emissions, this is a major polluter. We have already installed scrubbing equipment. We put in scrubbing devices."
19. Wide of exterior of Guiyang Anshun Power Plant with flags
20. Close-up of sign reading: China Guo Dian (China National Power)
Beijing - 22 June 2007
21. SOUNDBITE: (English) Chee Yoke Ling, Consultant, Third World Network:
"The consumption of the goods that are coming from a big part of this economic boom that uses a lot of the fossil fuels that we are concerned about is for export. So if you start calculating in a narrow sense per capita, by dividing the amount emitted by the number of people, then that number for China's real consumption for the average Chinese person will be even much lower."
Rural area, Gansu Province - 26 April 2007
22. Wide of exterior of large coal fired power plant in rural area
23. Wide of smokestacks and cooling towers
24. Wide of large coal fired power plant in the middle of empty area
It is hypocritical for developed countries to criticise China's greenhouse gas emissions while simultaneously buying products from its booming manufacturing sector, Beijing said on Thursday, defending its environmental record after a report said it had become the world's top carbon dioxide emitter.
While China was two percent below the United States in 2005, voracious coal consumption and increased cement production caused the numbers to rise rapidly, the Netherlands Environmental Assessment Agency said on Tuesday.
China overtook the US in CO2 emissions by about 7.5 percent in 2006, the report said.
On Thursday a spokesman for the Chinese Ministry of Foreign Affairs called China the "world's factory" and said criticism for its increased emissions was unfair.
On Friday Consultant Chee Yoke Ling from non-government organisation Third World Network, said a lot of the fossil fuels consumed in China are connected to export.
"The consumption of the goods that are coming from a big part of this economic boom that uses a lot of the fossil fuels that we are concerned about is for export," said Chee on Friday.
"So if you start calculating in a narrow sense per capita, by dividing the amount emitted by the number of people, then that number for China's real consumption for the average Chinese person will be even much lower," she added.
At the Guiyang Anshun Power Plant in Guizhou Province initiatives have been underway for some time to lower harmful emissions.
According to Mr. Hou, Control Room Manager at the Plant, 'scrubbing equipment' has already been installed to lessen sulphur dioxide output.
This month, China unveiled its first national program to combat global warming with promises to rein in greenhouse gas production.
While the program offered few new concrete targets for greenhouse gas emissions, it outlined steps the country would take to meet a previously announced goal of improving energy efficiency in 2010 by 20 percent over 2005's level.
Beijing has also indicated an unwillingness to enforce mandatory emissions caps.
Chee said China acknowledges that coal is a big polluter.
"There's no disagreement that coal fired power plants are very pollutant - polluting, they contribute not only to global warming gases, but also a lot of the dirt that you see. So China acknowledges that, but also says that, and it's very legitimate, that for a big country this size, with its development ambitions, they can't just phase out overnight from coal use," she said.
China, which has a population of 1.3 (b) billion people, spews about 10,500 pounds of carbon dioxide per person, while in the United States it is nearly 42,500 pounds per person.
Academics and experts from the United Nations and the US Energy Information Administration backed the report released on Tuesday by the Netherlands Environmental Assessment Agency, which is independent but paid by the Dutch government to advise it on environmental policy.
Earlier figures indicated China would likely surpass the US in greenhouse gas emissions as early as 2009, although other predictions said it could happen this year.
China relies on coal for two-thirds of its energy needs and makes 44 percent of the world's cement.
In comparison, the US gets half its electricity from coal.
China signed the 1997 Kyoto Protocol, which caps the amount of carbon dioxide that can be emitted in industrialised countries.
But because China is considered a developing country it is exempt from emission reductions, a situation often cited by the Bush administration and Australia for not accepting the treaty.
Fossil fuel power generation , Production facilities , Steel manufacturing , Energy and the environment , Electric power generation , Air pollution , Pollution , Climate , Emissions reduction , Environmental treaties , Greenhouse effect , Economy , Climate change , Environmental concerns , Electric utilities , Utilities , Industries , Business , Electric utilities , Energy , Corporate news , Base metal manufacturing , Metal manufacturing , Metals and minerals , Materials , Environment , Environment and nature , Air quality , Air pollution , Environmental treaties , Treaties , International agreements , International relations , Government and politics , Climate change
China , Beijing , Netherlands , Greater China , East Asia , Asia , Western Europe , Europe