For the first time since its erection, the Berlin Wall is opened for border crossings for the Christmas period. Many have queued for passes to make visits. A record number of West Berliners crossed the wall to visit friends and relatives during the holidays. The relaxing of border rules is termed Passierscheinregelung. The negotiators for the permit agreements were Horst Korber from West Berlin and the East German State Secretary, Erich Wendt who signed on 17 December 1963, a pass protocol, for the first permit agreement.