3. Various of German politicians at the memorial laying wreaths
4. SOUNDBITE (German) Franz Muentefering, head of Social Democrats:
"On the 9th of November 1989 - where I was...? We were in the German Bundestag (Lower House of German Parliament) in a session. When the news arrived.. There was great emotion, great happiness in the room; also a little bit of disbelieving surprise, as nobody really had anticipated this. Great happiness that it happened without any bloodshed. It was a tremendous night that we experienced."
5. SOUNDBITE (German) Angela Merkel, head of Christian Democrats (formerly of East Germany)
"It was unbelievable and this day means for me the beginning of freedom and a very different awareness of life. Wonderful."
Germany marked a subdued 15th anniversary of the fall of the Berlin Wall on Tuesday, weighed down by high unemployment in the formerly Communist east and a sense that in people's hearts the nation hasn't yet fully reunited.
There were no large celebrations, parades or fireworks to recall November 9, 1989 - the day East Germany's Communist regime opened the wall and set off national euphoria that peaked with Germany's reunification 11 months later.
At a preserved section of the wall in central Berlin, Mayor Klaus Wowereit and a number of other German politicians laid wreaths for more than 200 East Germans killed while trying to escape to the West during the barrier's 28-year existence.
As time has passed, Germans have focused on the staggering cost of rebuilding the east, not the peaceful revolution that toppled the Wall and the Stalinist rulers who had built it.
The east's jobless rate - 17.5 percent - is more than twice that of western Germany.
The disappointment shows in elections, when about one in five east Germans regularly vote for the successor party to the Communists.
The Berlin Wall was brought down by the offhand remark of a Communist official at a November 9, 1989 news conference.
Under pressure from nationwide pro-democracy demonstrations, East Germany's regime was desperately looking for ways to contain the revolt.
Guenter Schabowski, the ruling Politburo's spokesman, made the announcement: East Germany was lifting restrictions on travel across its heavily fortified border with West Germany after nearly three decades of isolation.
Asked by a reporter when the new regulation would take effect, Schabowski fumbled, then said "immediately, without delay."
By 9 pm, east Berliners were jamming the first crossing to West Berlin.
In a dramatic moment that helped end the Cold War, armed East German border guards gave up and let them cross.
But the east's economic problems - and up to euro1.5 (t) trillion (US$1.9 (t) trillion) in government subsidies to the region - have fuelled resentment on both sides.
More than 1,000 East Germans were killed during the Cold War while trying to slip through the heavily fortified border to West Germany or trying to get out through other communist countries such as Poland or Hungary.
About 230 died at the Wall, a 155-kilometre (97-mile) reinforced concrete barrier that ran through the centre of the capital and around then-West Berlin.
Many were killed by East German soldiers following shoot-to-kill orders.
Though only very few pieces remain standing, the Berlin Wall and several museums dedicated to it remain tourist attractions.