1. Exterior of Yad Vashem Holocaust museum and memorial
2. Close up of original documents
3. Close up of black and white photograph of Rudolf Kasztner on computer screen
4. Close up of black and white photograph of Hungarian Jews waiting near train during World War II
5. Black and white photograph of Jewish children standing inside wagon of the Kasztner train
6. Close up of photograph of children
7. Pan right of document containing Kasztner's list of Hungarian Jews from the World War II
8. Close ups of documents from World War II
9. Tilt up from documents to Suzanne Kasztner, daughter of Rudolf Kasztner
10. SOUNDBITE: (English) Suzanne Kasztner, daughter of Rudolf Kasztner:
"My father saved tens of thousands of Jews during the Holocaust. In order to do so, he had to negotiate with the Nazis. This made him look like a traitor, as if he betrayed and sold his own people."
11. Mid of Holocaust survivors saved by Kasztner and their relatives sitting in audience
12. Wide of Avner Shalev, Chairman of Yad Vashem Directorate, speaking to audience
13. SOUNDBITE: (English) Avner Shalev, Chairman of Yad Vashem Directorate:
"Most of the modern researchers think that he was not a traitor, he did whatever he could do; and still, you know, there is some discussion about it. This event today is a small milestone in the history of our archives, because we are getting his personal archive, which will be part of our archive, and will shed more light about this historic event, and will enhance the ability to make an objective historical research about the issue."
14. Tilt up from original World War II document regarding a train dispatched by Kasztner to Holocaust survivor saved by Kasztner, tilt down to document
Relatives of one of the most contentious Jewish figures from the Holocaust era are hoping that archives they turned over on Sunday will clear the name of the man both praised and vilified for bargaining with the Nazis for the lives of Jews.
Rudolf (Israel) Kasztner was hailed by admirers as a Holocaust hero for saving thousands of Jews.
But critics reviled him as a collaborator who "sold his soul."
In 1957, after a campaign of vilification, he was assassinated.
In a ceremony on Sunday, Yad Vashem, Israel's official Holocaust memorial and research centre, received Kazstner's private archives,
a step his family says is a step toward his exoneration.
Kasztner, a Zionist leader in Hungary during World War II, headed the Relief and Rescue Committee, and he negotiated with Nazi
officials to rescue Hungarian Jews in exchange for money, goods and military equipment.
In June 1944, the "Kasztner Train," with 1,684 Jews on board, departed Budapest for the safety of neutral Switzerland.
Kasztner's negotiations also saved 20,000 Hungarian Jews by diverting them to an Austrian labour camp instead of a planned transfer to extermination camps, according to Yad Vashem.
Six million Jews were killed by the Nazis during World War II.
Yad Vashem officials said the material released on Sunday should finally put an end to what it said was an unjustified smear campaign
"Most of the modern researchers think that he was not a traitor, he did whatever he could do; and still, you know, there is some discussion about it," said Chairman of Yad Vashem Directorate, Avner Shalev.
"This event today is a small milestone in the history of our archive, because we are getting his personal archive, which will be part of our archive, and will shed more light about this historic event, and will enhance the ability to make an objective historical research about the issue," he added.
Joseph Lapid, chairman of Yad Vashem's board of directors, himself a Holocaust survivor from Hungary said the event was an opportunity to do justice to a man who was misrepresented and was a victim on a vicious attack that led to his death.
He called Kasztner one of the great heroes of the Holocaust.
Kasztner's backers say his actions were similar to those of Oskar Schindler, a non-Jew whose efforts to save more than 1,000 Jews was documented in the Oscar-winning film "Schindler's List."
But Kasztner's detractors accused him of colluding with the Nazis to spare a collection of his well-connected and wealthy Jewish
friends, while hundreds of thousands of others were being shipped to death camps.
Kasztner moved to Israel after the war and became a top official in the ruling Labour Party.
In 1954 a local writer, Malkiel Grunwald, issued a self-published pamphlet that accused Kasztner of being a Nazi collaborator.
The Israeli government sued Grunwald for libel on Kasztner's behalf, resulting in a trial that lasted two years and riveted the
In its verdict, the court acquitted Grunwald of libel and concluded that Kasztner "sold his soul to the German Satan."
Kasztner insisted all along that his dealings with top Nazi officials, including Kurt Becher, an envoy of SS commander Heinrich Himmler, and Adolf Eichmann, the Gestapo officer who organised the extermination of the Jews, were necessary to save lives.
Kasztner was demonised in the Israeli public.
In 1957, he was killed by Jewish extremists.
Then, a year later, Israel's Supreme Court overturned the lower court's ruling in the libel case, clearing Kasztner's name.
Sunday's ceremony was attended by Suzanne Kasztner, his only child, and by several people who survived because of the "Kasztner
Kasztner, 61, said the ceremony was another step in the rehabilitation of her father's name.
"My father saved tens of thousands of Jews during the Holocaust," said Suzanne Kasztner.
"In order to do so, he had to negotiate with the Nazis. This made him look like a traitor, as if he betrayed and sold his own people."
Kasztner's private archives include three boxes of letters documenting his correspondence with family, Jewish organisations and
Robert Rozett, director of the Yad Vashem library, said that while Kasztner's public legacy has remained in question, it has long
been established among historians that he acted in good faith.
Kasztner himself didn't board his famous train to freedom, instead staying behind and negotiating the further release of Jews,