2. Mid of archaeologist Eli Shukron walking through tunnel
3. Pull out from Shukron moving piles of earth
4. SOUNDBITE: (Hebrew) Eli Shukron, archaeologist:
"We found many things that we assume are linked to the rebels who hid out here, like oil lamps, cooking pots, objects that people used and took with them, perhaps, as a souvenir in the hope that they would be going back. A bronze key, different items that attest to the people who dwelt here and hid here."
5. Tilt up from ground to Shukron walking down tunnel
8 August 2011
6. Wide of laboratory with sword on work top
7. Pan of sword
8. Zoom into sword
9. Various close-ups of sword
10. Lab worker inspecting key found in tunnel
11. Lab worker cleaning debris off key using mechanised tool, shot through microscope
12. Mid of lab worker cleaning key
13. Various of key
14. Zoom into stone object with Menorah etched into stone
2 August 2011
15. Shukron dusting off stones in tunnel
16. Pan from un-excavated tunnel, to tunnel already cleared
The excavation of an ancient drainage tunnel beneath Jerusalem has yielded new artifacts from a war 2,000 years ago, archaeologists said on Monday, shedding light on the past buried under today''s politically charged city.
The Roman-era tunnel, the excavation of which began four years ago, has proven a rich source of findings from the time of the Second Temple in Jerusalem, which was razed by legionnaires along with much of the city in 70 A.D.
The tunnel is part of an expansive network of subterranean passages under the city.
On Monday, archaeologists from the Israel Antiquities Authority unveiled a standard-issue Roman legionnaire''s sword found in the tunnel late last month. It measures 24 inches (60 centimetres), and its leather sheath is uniquely intact.
The tunnel was built two millennia ago by Roman-era engineers underneath one of ancient Jerusalem''s main streets.
It was intended to drain rainwater, but it is also thought to have been used by Jewish rebels hiding from the Roman soldiers who destroyed Jerusalem''s temple and much of the city in 70 A.D. as they suppressed a Jewish revolt.
"We found many things that we assume are linked to the rebels who hid out here, like oil lamps, cooking pots, objects that people used and took with them, perhaps, as a souvenir in the hope that they would be going back," said Eli Shukron, the Israel Antiquities Authority archaeologist in charge of the dig.
Another finding was a crude carved depiction of a menorah, a seven-branched Jewish candelabra that was one of the central features of the Temple.
It was found in the tunnel a few paces away from the western wall of the Temple compound, which now houses the gold-capped Islamic shrine known as the Dome of the Rock and the Al-Aqsa mosque.
The new tunnel, lit by fluorescent bulbs and smelling of damp earth, has been cleared for much of its length but has not yet been opened to the public.
Earlier this month, a team from The Associated Press walked through the tunnel from the biblical Pool of Siloam, one of the city''s original water sources, continuing for 600 yards (meters) under the Palestinian neighbourhood, Silwan, before climbing out onto a sunlit Roman-era street inside Jerusalem''s Old City.
The tunnel is part of the expanding City of David excavation in Silwan, which sits above the oldest section of Jerusalem. The dig is named after the biblical monarch thought to have ruled from the site.
The excavation is funded by a group affiliated with the Jewish settlement movement and has drawn criticism from Palestinian residents who have charged that the work is disruptive and politically motivated. Israel and the Palestinians have conflicting claims over Jerusalem that have scuttled peace efforts for decades.
Both claim the Old City, which includes sites holy to Christians, Muslims and Jews.