2. Various of Research Associate at the UK in a Changing Europe initiative, Dr Alan Wager, watching British Prime Minister Boris Johnson's speech
3. SOUNDBITE (English) Dr Alan Wager, Research Associate at the UK in a Changing Europe initiative:
"So Boris Johnson's speech to the Conservative Party conference was, principally about putting the Conservative Party on a footing for a general election on which he'll fight as the candidate that's protecting the will of the people from the referendum in 2016 against Parliament, which is trying to block Brexit. So it was quite light on policies. It was all about politics and positioning for an election to come."
4. Cutaway of banner
5. SOUNDBITE (English) Dr Alan Wager, Research Associate at the UK in a Changing Europe initiative:
"Boris Johnson has made a promise that there will be no checks or border on the island of Ireland or between Northern Ireland and the UK. This is impossible given the current red lines of the UK government. So what Boris Johnson's plan has come up with is a border that will exist both on the island of Ireland and between the UK and Ireland. So actually it's two borders. So there's actually no way of getting around this without increasing the amount of economic checks and increasing the amount of border posts that will exist on the island of Ireland."
6. Cutaway office
7. SOUNDBITE (English) Dr Alan Wager, Research Associate at the UK in a Changing Europe initiative:
"So, extending Article 50 on the premise of getting a deal with the European Union in the end costs the UK nothing. This is already money that's been paid into the withdrawal agreement and the future framework. This is all money that is already got out of the UK's account, if you like. And no deal will cause a lot of significant economic damage in the short, medium, and long term. Approximately, sort of, 9% of GDP over a decade would be lost and there would be a lot of short term disruption to supply chains and so on."
8. Various beauty shots of London, Houses of Parliament and London Eye
9. Various of group of pro-Brexit demonstrators in street
10. SOUNDBITE (English) Steven Morgan, pro-Brexit demonstrator:
"I do not believe that he will go back and ask for an extension for three months. And even if he did, I'm not sure the EU will want an extension for three months. Because what's that going to achieve? Then at the end of three months it could be another three months. Nobody knows. So it's a complete and total nonsense. So we have to be out by the 31st (of October)."
"Honestly, I think we're just headed down the same path we were headed down before the speech. It gave nothing new for us to take any sort of hope from or any direction from. It's just more of the same. We all know what Boris wants to do. Boris wants a no-deal Brexit. That is his main policy point."
13. Low-angle shot of anti-Brexit sign with Houses of Parliament tower in background
As British Prime Minister Boris Johnson presented new proposals on Brexit to the European Union, a feeling of uncertainty amongst the UK public who voted on both sides of the referendum remained on Wednesday.
The European Union's Brexit negotiator Michel Barnier, who saw the proposals, said they constituted progress but that the gap between both sides remains daunting.
In London, a supporter of leaving the EU said a delay to Brexit would be "nonsense" and will not make any difference to negotiations.
"We have to be out by the 31st (of October)," said Steven Morgan.
Rhiannon Taylor, who wants the UK to remain in the EU, alleged Johnson's "main policy point" had always been to leave the bloc without a deal.
The border on the island of Ireland remains the key sticking point in negotiations and the EU is insistent it remains transparent and open.
Dr Alan Wager, Research Associate at the UK in a Changing Europe initiative, said this was impossible "given the current red lines of the UK government".
"What Boris Johnson's plan has come up with is a border that will exist both on the island of Ireland and between the UK and Ireland. So actually it's two borders. So there's actually no way of getting around this," Wager said.
Johnson has said in a letter to European Commission President Jean-Claude Juncker that the UK proposes to achieve an open border by keeping Northern Ireland closely aligned to EU rules for trade in goods, possibly for an extended period.