"The conference is about 40 countries coming together discussing the Somali issue. What we feel is that Somalia is not part of it. They are discussing their interests, not the Somali interests."
8. Protesters waving flags
9. Wide of demonstration
10. Mid of UK Prime Minister David Cameron introducing US Secretary of State Hillary Rodham Clinton
11. SOUNDBITE: (English) Hillary Rodham Clinton, US Secretary of State:
"So all who are invested in Somalia's future are now called to help keep events moving swiftly in the right direction. In particular I think we must focus on two dimensions: accelerating political progress and continuing to improve security. Regarding the political situation, the TFG pledged in December to carry our specific next steps, including convening an assembly to approve a constitution, forming a new parliament, and electing a president and speaker. Now that it has agreed to these tasks we must help them accomplish those. The transitional federal government was always meant to be just that, transitional. And it is past time for that transition to occur and for Somalia to have a stable government."
12. Cameron introducing Prime Minister of Qatar
13. SOUNDBITE: (English) Sheikh Hamad bin Jassim, Qatari Prime Minister
++CLIENT NOTE - ENGLISH TRANSLATION ONLY - AS INCOMING++
"Distinguished guests, this meeting is very important for Somalia, as we hope that it will be promoting peace, security and stability, and how we can explore possibilities to achieving sustainable development. We must all work together in an effort to identify the priorities to help us in implementing what we have agreed and to create effective mechanisms establishing feasible programmes within the context of these priorities in order to boost confidence and inclusion amongst all Somali parties. The exclusion of any party at this stage will disrupt all these efforts and render any talk about security and stability unrealistic and inconsistent with the realities on the ground in Somalia."
14. Pan of conference
15. SOUNDBITE: (English) Meles Zenawi, Ethiopian Prime Minister
"Just yesterday the (UN) Security Council has passed a resolution based on the strategy concept paper developed jointly by the African Union and the United Nations. We are grateful to the Prime Minister and Foreign Secretary of the United Kingdom for leading the charge on this important matter, and our other friends in the Security Council who approved your draft unanimously. This resolution will, among other things, increase the size and overall capacity of our mission. Beyond and above that, the resolution also confirms that the international community is united in its determination to fight terrorism and mayhem in Somalia, and to provide Somalis with the comprehensive support they need to turn around the fate of their country."
Nations must help Somalia's fragile leadership tackle militancy, piracy and hunger or be prepared to pay the price, Britain's leader warned on Thursday at an international conference on the troubled east African nation's future.
About 50 nations and international organisations attended the one-day summit hosted by Prime Minister David Cameron in London, including Somalia's Western-backed transitional government, US Secretary of State Hillary Rodham Clinton and United Nations Secretary-General Ban Ki-moon.
As international leaders discussed the Somalia crisis, Somalis living in Britain staged a noisy protest just outside the conference venue.
Several dozen demonstrators held placards accusing the conference participants of imperialism.
One banner accused British prime minister David Cameron of being "the real robber pirate of Somalia".
The protesters were from the Voice4Somalia movement which believes that the conference will result in Western domination of their country.
Their spokesman Cabdi Aakhiro said the 40 countries taking part in the conference were there to further their own interests, not those of Somalia itself.
Inside the conference, following his earlier presentation, and others from Ban Ki-moon and Somali President Sheikh Sharif Sheikh Ahmed, Cameron introduced US Secretary of State Hillary Rodham Clinton.
Following UN approval on Wednesday for an increase in the size of the peacekeeping mission in Somalia, she called on conference participants to "help keep events moving swiftly in the right direction".
She said that the focus should be on accelerating the rate of political change in Somalia, and on improving security.
"The transitional federal government was always meant to be just that, transitional. And it is past time for that transition to occur and for Somalia to have a stable government," she told delegates.
Qatari Prime Minister Sheikh Hamad bin Jassim also addressed the conference, pointing out in particular that all interested parties in Somalia should be engaged in talks about the nation's future
"The exclusion of any party at this stage will disrupt all these efforts and render any talk about security and stability unrealistic and inconsistent with the realities on the ground in Somalia," he said.
The Prime Minister of Ethiopia, which borders Somalia, expressed gratitude to the UK government for working with the UN to bring about the latest resolution.
"The resolution also confirms that the international community is united in its determination to fight terrorism and mayhem in Somalia, and to provide Somalis with the comprehensive support they need to turn around the fate of their country," said Meles Zenawi.
Somalia has had transitional administrations for the past seven years, but has not had a functioning central government since 1991, when warlords overthrew a longtime dictator and turned on each other, plunging the nation into two decades of chaos.
The weak UN-backed administration - which holds the capital, Mogadishu, with the support of about 12-thousand African Union soldiers - has been boosted by recent offensives against the al-Qaida-linked militant group al-Shabab.
The UN on Wednesday approved an increase in the size of the AU peacekeeping mission - known as AMISOM - to about 17,700.
Despite tentative signs of progress, security officials warn of a continuing threat from Islamic militants who some fear could export terrorism to Europe and the United States.
Pirates continue to disrupt international shipping off Somalia's coast, and currently hold seven vessels and 191 hostages.
Ransoms last year cost the shipping industry about 135 (m) million US dollars.
Western nations hope the conference will encourage greater support for Somalia from the Arab world - and more prominent leadership from nations including Turkey and Qatar.
Many have questioned whether the London talks can offer concrete steps to address Somalia's complex problems, which include the lingering effects of a lengthy famine which Britain's government estimates has killed between 50-thousand and 100-thousand people.
Others suspect the attention of Clinton and world leaders is currently focused on more urgent troubles, including the crisis in Syria - which was also discussed in meetings on the sidelines of the conference.