2. SOUNDBITE: (Spanish) Jose Maria Aznar, Spanish President:
"Within the framework of the United Nations a committee against terrorism can be formed and chaired by Spain and between us all we need to reinforce the dialogue between cultures, religions and civilizations. We must avoid falling into the trap that the terrorists seek to lay."
3. Attendees listening
4. SOUNDBITE: (English) Jose Manuel Durao Barroso, Portuguese Prime Minister:
"Fighting terrorism requires more collective security, more democracy, more dialogue among civilizations and cultures, more development, more and better protection of the environment and a dramatic reduction of poverty. Otherwise, if we don't live up to our values we risk facing a paradox well described by Nietzsche, whoever battles with monsters had better see he does not turn him(self) into a monster."
5. Elie Wiesel, Nobel Peace Prize winner and Holocaust survivor, listening
6. SOUNDBITE: (French) Jaques Chirac, French President:
"When democracy is absent it usurps the banner of freedom. When social issues become acute, terrorism takes the mask of justice and solidarity. When a country is under foreign occupation, it unjustly captures the struggle for freedom for its own means. When a community feels ill treated, terrorism claims to act in its name. So we need to take a cold unflinching look at the world today."
8. SOUNDBITE: (Russian) Igor Ivanov, Russian Foreign Minister:
"Consistent and resolute removal of double standards with regard to terrorism. Prevention of situations created by indefinite delays under whatever pretext in extraditing persons even when they have been officially recognized by the international community as terrorists and entered into the UN sanctions list."
9. Norwegian Prime Minister Kjell Magne Bondevik introducing Palestinian Foreign Minister
"Let me say from the onset that an international effort against terrorism, which we all support, will be insignificant if it fails to cope with all the issues of terrorism, in particular, the issue of state terrorism. Not only state sponsored terror, but attacks against unarmed civilians directly perpetrated by state organs or agencies."
"Yasser Arafat, for example, may be seen by some of you as the symbol of the Palestinian struggle, he's also - and I really would like you to know it - he's one of the world's icons of terror. Support for him is counterproductive towards peace efforts because he's trying to undermine any regime, and any efforts, and any Prime Minister that will move towards peace with Israel."
Just hours after the United Nations headquarters in Baghdad was attacked for a second time, United Nations (UN) Secretary-General Kofi Annan opened an international conference on counterterrorism, saying world leaders must deal with the roots of terrorism if they are to fight it more effectively.
Nearly 20 heads of state joined Annan, counterterrorism experts and a handful of terror victims in New York to discuss the conference's agenda on the "roots of evil" and what lies behind terrorism.
The Secretary-General didn't mention the latest Baghdad attack in his prepared remarks.
He said terrorism was "an evil on which there can be no compromise."
But he urged the world's leaders to use their "heads, not their hearts" when deciding how to respond to the problem.
The session, called "fighting terrorism for humanity," was the brainchild of Norwegian Prime Minister Kjell Magne Bondevik and Elie Wiesel, a Nobel Peace Prize winner and Holocaust survivor.
Bondevik told those gathered that terrorism will never be eliminated unless the world deals with the roots and fanaticism behind the problem.
Other leaders, including French President Jacques Chirac reiterated that point.
Russian Foreign Minister Igor Ivanov challenged what Moscow calls Western "double standards" on terrorism.
Russia has often blasted Western countries for supporting the global fight against terror while condemning Moscow's war in Chechnya, where both Russian forces and rebels have been accused of brutalising civilians.
Referring directly to Israel, the Foreign Minister of the Palestinian Authority said no conference on terrorism can succeed unless state terrorism is also addressed.
And he said it was essential to distinguish between terrorists and armed resistance against a foreign occupation.
In response, the Israeli Foreign Minister said Palestinians need to "be guided away from the destructive ways of the past towards a more constructive future".
And he told those present it would not be constructive to support Palestinian leader Yasser Arafat.
Monday's conference was a follow up on findings experts produced at a June meeting in Oslo outlining root causes, of terrorism, including a lack of democracy, failed or weak states, inequality, corrupt governments, repression and discrimination.
Bondevik said he hoped the gathering would "renew a commitment to the war on terrorism," an effort that has lost steam as the Iraq war and tensions it caused between the United States and its allies have taken centre stage.