1. SOUNDBITE (English) Kurt Volker, Former special envoy to Ukraine:
"I was not on the July 25th phone call between President Trump and President Zelenskiy and I was not made aware of any reference to Vice President Biden or his son by President Trump until the transcript of that call was released on September 25th, 2019. Throughout this time, I understood that there was an important distinction between Burisma and Biden and I urged the Ukrainians to maintain such a distinction. I did not know that President Trump or others had raised Vice President Biden with Ukrainians, or conflated the investigation of possible Ukrainian corruption with investigation of the former vice president. In retrospect, for the Ukrainians, it would clearly have been confusing. In hindsight, I now understand that others saw the idea of investigating possible corruption involving the Ukrainian company Burisma as equivalent to investigating former Vice President Biden. I saw them as very different, the former being appropriate and unremarkable, the latter being unacceptable. In retrospect, I should have seen that connection differently and had I done so, I would have raised my own objections."
2 . Wide cutaway of hearing
3. SOUNDBITE (English) Kurt Volker, Former special envoy to Ukraine:
"At the one in-person meeting I had with Mayor Giuliani on July 19th, Mayor Giuliani raised and I rejected the conspiracy theory that Vice President Biden would have been influenced in his duties as vice president by money paid to his son. As I previously testified, I have known Vice President Biden for 24 years, he is an honorable man and I hold him in the highest regard."
4. Cutaway of hearing as Volker testifies
5. SOUNDBITE (English) Kurt Volker, Former special envoy to Ukraine:
"Concerning the allegations, I stress that no one in the new team governing Ukraine had anything to do with anything that may have happened in 2016. They were making television shows at the time. I also said that it's not credible to me that former Vice President Biden would have been influenced in any way by financial or personal motives in carrying out his duties as vice president."
The former special envoy to Ukraine testified Tuesday he should have realized — as many of his colleagues did — that President Donald Trump was holding up military aid to Ukraine to pressure the country to investigate political rival Joe Biden.
In public testimony before the House impeachment inquiry, Kurt Volker said he understands now, thanks to hindsight and the testimony of other witnesses, that Trump was using the aid to pressure Ukraine to investigate Biden's son, Hunter, and his role on the board of a Ukrainian gas company, Burisma.
Several other officials have said they understood the connection between investigations and the hold-up on aid, and Volker said that in retrospect, he should have too.
But Volker insisted he did not know of the push at the time, despite his deep involvement with Ukrainian officials on a statement — never released — that would have committed the country to investigating Burisma and the 2016 U.S. election. Nor did he make the connection after Rudy Giuliani, Trump's personal lawyer, mentioned the allegations against Joe Biden during a July 19 breakfast, Volker said.
"In retrospect I should have seen that connection differently, and had I done so, I would have raised my own objections," Volker said Tuesday in his opening statement.
Volker also told investigators that Giuliani raised the idea that Vice President Joe Biden was compromised because his son was on the board of a Ukraine gas company.
Volker says he considered that idea a conspiracy theory and rejected it. He says he's known Biden for more than two decades and believes him to be an honorable man.
The former special envoy testified that a senior aide to Ukrainian President Volodymyr Zelenskiy approached him last summer to ask to be connected to Giuliani. He said he made clear to the Zelenskiy aide, Andrey Yermak, that Giuliani was a private citizen and not a representative of the U.S. government.
"Likewise, in my conversations with Mayor Giuliani, I never considered him to be speaking on the President's behalf or giving 'instructions.' Rather, the information flow was the other way — from Ukraine to Mayor Giuliani in the hopes this would clear up the information reaching President Trump," Volker said.
.Volker told lawmakers he was not aware of and never participated in an effort to get Ukraine to investigate the Bidens. He did not listen to the July 25 call between Trump and Ukrainian President Volodymyr Zelenskiy.