President Donald Trump unveiled his long-awaited Middle East peace plan January 28th 2020, calling for the creation of a State of Palestine with its capital in portions of east Jerusalem, saying it is a "win-win" opportunity for both Israel and the Palestinians.
The plan calls for the creation of a State of Palestine with its capital in portions of east Jerusalem, ending speculation as to whether his administration, in preparing a proposal without input from Palestinian leaders, would abandon a "two-state resolution" to the conflict.
Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu said the announcement was historic and recalled the creation of the state of Israel.
In the East Room ceremony Netanyahu described the White House plan as a "path to a durable peace."
Dozens of Palestinians protested on January 29th in the West Bank's town of Bethlehem, rejecting US President Donald Trump's plan to end the Mideast conflict.
Israeli troops were seen firing tear gas at Palestinian protesters, who burnt a US flag.
The plan would grant them limited autonomy in parts of the Middle East while allowing Israel to annex its West Bank settlements and keep nearly all of east Jerusalem.
Palestinian President Mahmoud Abbas dismissed the plan lon January 28th as "nonsense" and vowed to resist it. Netanyahu called it a "historic breakthrough" equal in significance to the country's declaration of independence in 1948.
Abbas, who travelled to Cairo on January 29th for meetings at the Arab League, appears determined to shore up international support.
The long-awaited Trump plan, which was unveiled on January 28th, would allow Israel to annex all its West Bank settlements as well as the Jordan Valley, which accounts for a fourth of the West Bank.
In return, the Palestinians would be granted statehood in scattered chunks of the West Bank and some neighbourhoods on the outskirts of Jerusalem, all linked together by a new network of roads, bridges and tunnels. Israel controls the state's borders and airspace, and maintain overall security authority, something critics say would rob statehood of any meaning.
The plan would abolish the right of Palestinians refugees displaced by the 1948 war and their descendants, a key Palestinian demand.
The entire agreement would be contingent on the Islamic Hamas movement and other armed groups in Gaza disarming, something they have always adamantly rejected.
Groups of Palestinians gathered on January 31st in the West Bank village of Bilin to protest US President Donald Trump's plan to end the Israeli-Palestinian conflict.
They burned tyres by the separation barrier and one protester climbed a ladder to place a Palestinian flag atop the barrier.
Both Hamas and the Palestinian Authority have rejected Trump's plan, which would allow Israel to annex all of its Jewish settlements, along with the Jordan Valley, in the occupied West Bank.
The Palestinians were offered limited self-rule in Gaza, parts of the West Bank and some sparsely populated areas of Israel in return for meeting a long list of conditions.
Hamas has vowed that "all options are open" in responding to the proposal, but is not believed to be seeking war with Israel.