4. Mid shots of Gorbachev and Reagan shaking hands (PARTIALLY COVERS UPCOMING SOUNDBITE)
Washington - 2 August 2019
5. SOUNDBITE (English) Thomas Karako, Center for Strategic and International Studies:
"This is a longstanding treaty that's been around and the United States has complied to the letter for a treaty that limits kind of intermediate-range missiles of various kinds. Ballistic missiles, cruise missiles, and the significance is that Russia since around the 2008 time frame began to violate this treaty. They didn't pull out of it as one would normally do in that kind of circumstance but instead kind of stayed in the treaty but just chose to violate it. And so over the past two administrations Obama and Trump -- called him out and said look we know you're violating it. You need to stop and they chose not to do it. And so this is kind of the United States saying we're not going to be in a treaty that's one-sided. We're gonna have to pull out."
Moscow - 23 January 2019
6. Various of 9M729 land-based cruise missile (PARTIALLY COVERS PREVIOUS SOUNDBITE)
Washington - 2 August 2019
7. SOUNDBITE (English) Thomas Karako, Center for Strategic and International Studies:
"We will, therefore, be able to pursue some kind of capability to take missiles that we perhaps launched from the sea or something like that and put them on trucks as it were. And that gives us the ability to disperse things out and create some additional uncertainty on the part of our adversaries. That's good for deterrence - it's good for stability because every day they wake up and they know that they can't decapitate our forces because they're more complicated to strike. And this is especially true for the Asia-Pacific where China, for instance, has many many, hundreds and hundreds of missiles that target U.S. bases and U.S. ships. And the U.S. doesn't have something comparable because we've been limited by the treaty."
Osaka - 29 June 2019
8. STILL IMAGE - President Donald Trump, left, meets with Chinese President Xi Jinping during a meeting on the sidelines of the G-20 summit in Osaka, Japan (PARTIALLY COVERS PREVIOUS SOUNDBITE)
Washington - 2 August 2019
9. SOUNDBITE (English) Thomas Karako, Center for Strategic and International Studies:
"How is the table going to be reset here? And before we get into any kind of new treaty we need to have the confidence that the Russians or Chinese or whomever else is actually going to comply and that's the most important part. And in terms of you might say the New START follow on or something like that the big options are basically two-fold or three-fold. One is just to kind of extend it in the same way just with Russia and just with some of their nuclear weapons. The second option is to have a more comprehensive treaty that covers all nuclear weapons with Russia including so-called non-strategics to which the Russians have a 10 to 1 advantage relative to the United States. And then finally the third option is to try to bring in China. And that last one would be desirable. But how exactly we get China there is it's going to take a little work right because right now China's enjoying the benefits of being completely unconstrained by INF, by New START, by anything. So so getting China to the table will take a little bit of work."
Osaka - 28 June 2019
10. STILL IMAGE - President Donald Trump, right, reaches out to shake hands with Russian President Vladimir Putin during a bilateral meeting on the sidelines of the G-20 summit in Osaka, Japan (PARTIALLY COVERS PREVIOUS SOUNDBITE)
A landmark arms control treaty between the U.S. and Russia expired Friday after months of warning in which after both sides repeatedly made it clear they were not interested in a Cold War-era agreement that did not cover evolving missile technology and emerging global threats.
The Intermedia-range Nuclear Forces treaty came to an end with the U.S. announcing plans in the coming weeks to test a new missile that would have been prohibited under the accord, which was signed in 1987.
Its demise comes amid rising doubts about whether the two countries will extend an agreement on long-range nuclear weapons scheduled to expire in 2021.
Thomas Karako, Center for Strategic and International Studies senior fellow spoke to Associated Press about the significance of the United States pulling out of the INF Treaty saying, "that gives us the ability to disperse things out and create some additional uncertainty on the part of our adversaries. That's good for deterrence -- it's good for stability."
The Trump administration, which gave its six-month notice on Feb. 2 of its pending withdrawal from the INF in preparation, had repeatedly said Russia was violating its provisions, an accusation President Barack Obama made as well.
Nuclear weapons , Weapons of mass destruction , General news , Weapons treaties , Weapons administration , Military and defense , Government and politics , Weapons treaties , Treaties , International agreements , International relations , G-20 Summit , Think tanks , Political organizations , Summits , Summits
Vladimir Putin , Barack Obama , Xi Jinping , Donald Trump
China government, Russia government
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