HANDOUT - PAUL G. ALLEN'S VULCAN INC – MUST CREDIT PAUL G. ALLEN'S VULCAN INC
Near Solomon Islands – January 2019
1. Sunken American plane on sea floor
2. SOUNDBITE (English) Sam Cox, directior, Naval History and Heritage Command:
"What the Hornet is most famous for is for launching the Doolittle strike against Japan in April of 1942, which was the first U.S. attempt to strike back at the Japanese after Pearl Harbor."
3. Various of sunken USS Hornet
4. SOUNDBITE (English) Sam Cox, directior, Naval History and Heritage Command:
"We had to sink her ourselves so our own destroyers fired multiple torpedoes into the Hornet. So a lot of them didn't work but the Hornets still refused to go down so the destroyers fired about 400 five-inch shells into the Hornet. Still she wouldn't go down. By that time there is a very powerful Japanese surface force approaching very close so the two destroyers say they have to get out of there."
5. Various of sunken USS Hornet
6. SOUNDBITE (English) Sam Cox, directior, Naval History and Heritage Command:
"So it's actually the Japanese who find the Hornet still afloat after sundown on 26th of October and they contemplate trying to tow it back to Japan. They decide that she's too far gone and they fire four torpedoes into the Hornet which actually are what ultimately sinks her."
7. Various of ship command center and RS Petrel
8. SOUNDBITE (English) Rob Kraft, Vulcan Inc. Director of Subsea Operations:
"Paul Allen has said many times that it's you know it's important to preserve our past and honor, you know, these sailors and these soldiers that you know gave so much to their country, and so again we're kind of doing the same thing here, is that where we're preserving our past, we're uncovering history and we're trying to educate."
9. Various of Kraft in command center, submersible entering water
A research vessel funded by the late Seattle billionaire Paul Allen has discovered the wreckage of an American aircraft carrier sunk in the South Pacific during World War II. It is the latest in an ongoing effort to discover sunken vessels.
Allen's Vulcan Inc. announced this week that an autonomous submarine sent by the crew of the research vessel Petrel found the USS Hornet nearly 17,500 feet (5,400 meters) deep near the Solomon Islands.
The Hornet was best known for its part in the Doolittle Raid in April 1942, the first air attack on Japan. It also participated that June in the decisive Battle of Midway, which helped turn the tide of the war.
The Hornet suffered severe damage from Japanese dive-bombers and torpedo planes during the Battle of Santa Cruz Island in October 1943, and U.S. ships then unsuccessfully attempted to sink it because it was beyond saving. The Hornet finally went down when two Japanese destroyers fired torpedoes the next night.
Most of the crew of 2,170 men had abandoned the ship by the time it sank, but 111 were killed.
The Vulcan project has located about 20 vessels to date. Allen, who co-founded Microsoft will Bill Gates, died Oct. 15 in Seattle from complications of non-Hodgkin's lymphoma.
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