FOR CLEAN VERSION SEE STORY NUMBER: apus126416, apus126419, apus126420
Berlin - 8 November 2019
1. SOUNDBITE (English) Mike Pompeo, US Secretary of State:
"Together, we won the Cold War. Germany. Germany and the United States, and all of our Allies and partners. So it's why I'm really thrilled and happy to be here, it's why I'm so proud speaking mere feet from where the Wall once stood, to celebrate its demise now three decades ago. Sometimes we need to take a victory lap. We get caught up in the challenges of the day and we forget the greatness we have achieved to lift billions of people out of horrific conditions, and that we did so together. But as we celebrate, as we take this victory lap, we must also recognise that freedom is never guaranteed. We spoke to this, it doesn't just happen. Today authoritarianism is just a stone's throw away, it's rising and it's... if we're honest, it never really went away completely."
+SEPARATED BY WHITE FLASH++
2. SOUNDBITE (English) Mike Pompeo, US Secretary of State:
"All of us had a moment after those days where we lost our way in the afterglow of that proud moment. We thought perhaps that the collapse of communism in Berlin and Moscow and the rest of the Eastern Bloc was the start of an inevitable trend worldwide. There were those who wrote about the end of history. We thought free societies would flourish everywhere, in some places they indeed have. But we most importantly thought that we could divert our resources away from alliances and militaries and the things that had secured those very freedoms. Sadly, we were wrong. We were wrong about the human condition and the nature of the course that many countries might take today."
+SEPARATED BY WHITE FLASH++
3. SOUNDBITE (English) Mike Pompeo, US Secretary of State
"NATO runs always the risk that it will become obsolete, not because of the partnership, not because of the political commitments will ever become (obselete). I don't think those commitments between our countries will ever become obsolete. But it does run that risk if it doesn't do the things it needs to do to confront the challenges of today in a way that is effective. If nations believe that they can get the security benefit without providing NATO the resources that it needs, if they don't live up to their commitments, there is a risk that NATO could become ineffective or obsolete."
US Secretary of State Mike Pompeo warned on Friday that authoritarianism was on the rise, saying "freedom is not guaranteed".
Pompeo spoke in the German capital Berlin, during a visit to mark the fall of the Berlin Wall.
He also said that the West got "lost in the afterglow" of the collapse of the Berlin Wall, mistakenly assuming that it would lead to a global trend in which "free societies would flourish everywhere".
Pompeo argued that NATO could become "ineffective or obsolete" if countries believed they could get the security benefits of the alliance without contributing adequately.
Pompeo's comments came after French President Emmanuel Macron claimed in an interview that a lack of US leadership is causing the "brain death" of NATO.
Pompeo and his German counterpart on Thursday stressed the importance of the alliance, saying that trans-Atlantic cooperation was critical in bringing about the fall of the Berlin Wall 30 years ago and is still relevant today.
But US President Donald Trump has worried many NATO members with comments that the alliance is "obsolete," and has urged members to spend more on defense, saying Washington pays a disproportionate share.
Pompeo was a tank platoon leader on the border with East Germany and Czechoslovakia in the 1980s - one of hundreds of thousands of Americans stationed in West Germany during the Cold War.
That close relationship between the countries continued after the 1989 fall of the Berlin Wall and the collapse of communism, but ties have become strained recently under the presidency of Donald Trump over a series of issues.