2. President Arroyo shakes hands of A-P Bureau Chief and A-P-T-N producer
3. President Arroyo sits down
4. SOUNDBITE: (English) President Gloria Arroyo, Philippines:
"I think that the Philippines' image overseas in the past couple of years suffered because of perceptions of cronyism, corruption and so what's important is that we must show the opposite in our governance. We must show transparency and level playing field."
FILE - February 16,2001
5. Supreme court hearing of Estrada case
FILE - March 12, 2001
6. Estrada mobbed by people in campaign rally
7. Wide shot of Arroyo interview
8. Cutaway of A-P Manila Bureau Chief
9. SOUNDBITE: (English) President Gloria Arroyo, Philippines
"It's not a question of waiting out an election, what is proper...What's proper is you follow the wheels of justice. So right now there's a temporary restraining order by the supreme court against the ombudsman filing charges. In the end it's a question of whether the supreme court will allow the ombudsman to file the charges with the sandiganbayan(anti-graft court) and when the sandiganbayan will give the order for the arrest. So it's not a question of when I think it is proper. Its a question of when the sandiganbayan will make the order if it does."
11. Reverse shot of interview
13. SOUNDBITE: (English) President Gloria Arroyo, Philippines (in response to question "A lot of people look upon this as a race between you and Estrada even if neither one of you is running - that it's a referendum on your early government. Do you see it that way?")
"Filipinos vote for individuals. So, I can see them voting for individual candidates. They consider also what the candidates stand for and to that extent they see whether these are administration candidates or opposition candidates but basically Filipinos have always been voting for individuals."
FILE - Recent
14. Estrada with spouse Loi waving to people
15. Close up of Estrada
16. Man waving flag
FILE - Lanao Del Norte - October 21, 2000
18. Various shots of M-I-L-F (Moro Islamic Liberation Front)
19. SOUNDBITE: (English) President Gloria Arroyo, Philippines
"The way they talk to us in Kuala Lumpur, they are willing to talk to us in the context of our territorial integrity.
Q: So you would obviously resist any sort of efforts towards independence?
A: Oh, that's very clear, that's very clear all talks are in the context of territorial integrity,"
FILE - Spratly Island, South China Sea - November 10, 1998
20. Aerial of structures in Spratly Island group
21. SOUNDBITE: (English) President Gloria Arroyo, Philippines
"I don't think that we are talking of backing down on claims. I think we are talking here about a code of conduct in the South China Sea and what to do. How to deal with each other not withstanding this conflicting claims."
FILE - January 20, 2001
22. Arroyo taking oath as president
23. SOUNDBITE: (English) President Gloria Arroyo, Philippines
"Divine providence put me here. The lord is a very good manager of my career."
Faced with endemic corruption and other social ills, new President Gloria Macapagal Arroyo said on Saturday the only way to build a brighter future for the Philippines is "leadership by example."
Arroyo, who took power on 20 January 2000 when Joseph Estrada was forced from office by huge protests over corruption allegations, realises she faces a massive task in trying to end the perception that cronyism is pervasive at the highest levels of government.
This has led Arroyo, the daughter of a former president, to take several high-profile actions meant to show that things under her administration will be different.
Among other things, she ordered the sale of luxury government cars that proliferated under Estrada and banned a controversial film on moral grounds.
So far, the policy seems to be working, with polls showing support growing for her government ahead of May 14 congressional elections.
Some see the balloting as a referendum on Arroyo's government and a sort of proxy war between her and Estrada, whose political neophyte wife is running for the Senate.
But Arroyo claimed Filipinos remain mostly personality-driven when it comes to voting.
She has not had much of a honeymoon, particularly considering the country's financial plight, which includes a massive budget deficit.
The kidnapping last year of foreign tourists by Muslim rebels scared off some international investors and would-be visitors, and the protracted Estrada scandal further undercut confidence.
Muslim separatists threatened on Monday to behead a U-S hostage on April 5 as a "birthday gift" to President Arroyo
unless the ambassador of Saudi Arabia meets them.
Abu Sabaya, a leader of the extremist Abu Sayyaf group in the south, told the local Radio Mindanao Network that his
men will kill Jeffrey Schilling, captive since last August, on Monday afternoon.
Arroyo turns 54 on Thursday.
Abu Sayyaf beheaded two Filipino hostages last year, on April 19, as a "birthday gift" to then-President Estrada as he turned 63.
The rest of Estrada's term runs until 2004, so Arroyo does have some time to work on reaching peace deals with two insurgencies that have been plaguing the country for decades.
After taking office, Arroyo immediately made peace overtures and declared that Estrada's "all-out war" policy was over.
She formed peace negotiating panels for the separate talks with the communist and Muslim rebels.
Communist rebels say they are willing to return to the negotiating table, as is the Moro Islamic Liberation Front, an
Islamic group seeking Muslim self-rule in the southern Philippines.
But Arroyo insisted that talks will only be held under the principle of maintaining the Philippines' territorial integrity, and that the M-I-L-F agreed to that during preliminary talks.
Negotiators announced three weeks ago that talks on the communist insurgency will resume on April 27.
After secret meetings in Kuala Lumpur last week, the M-I-L-F and the government agreed to reopen negotiations within three months.
To show further goodwill, Arroyo ordered cease-fires with the rebels in limited areas and approved holding the talks abroad.