"Now, Professor Gearhart, does a high crime and misdemeanor require an actual statutory crime?"
7. SOUNDBITE (English) Michael Gerhardt, University of North Carolina:
"No, there, it plainly does not. Everything we know about the history of impeachment reinforces the conclusion that impeachable offenses do not have to be crimes and again, not all crimes are impeachable offenses."
"And Professor Turley, you recently wrote in The Wall Street Journal and I quote, 'There is much that is worthy of investigation in the Ukraine scandal. And it is true that impeachment doesn't require a crime.'''
9. SOUNDBITE (English) Jonathan Turley, George Washington University:
"That is true. But I also added an important caveat, first of all..."
"Sir, it was a yes or no question. Did you write in The Wall Street Journal, 'There is much that is worthy of investigation in the Ukraine scandal, and it is true that impeachment does not require crime.' Is that an accurate quote, sir?"
11. SOUNDBITE (English) Jonathan Turley, George Washington University:
"That's, you've read it well."
12. SOUNDBITE (English) Michael Gerhardt, University of North Carolina:
"I just want to stress that if this, if what we're if what we're talking about is not impeachable, then nothing is impeachable. This is precisely the misconduct that the framers created a Constitution, including impeachment, to protect against."
13. SOUNDBITE (English) Pamela Karlan, Stanford Law School:
"Because this is an abuse that cuts to the heart of democracy, you need to ask yourselves if you don't impeach a president who has done what this president has done, then what you're saying is it's fine to go ahead and do this again."
Four law school professors are giving lessons on American history and presidential politics as they testify Wednesday in the House impeachment inquiry.
Several of the experts told lawmakers they think President Donald Trump's conduct with Ukraine meets the definition of "high crimes and misdemeanors" required in the Constitution for impeachable offenses.
Their testimony was part of the effort by Democrats to bolster the argument for impeachment by having outside constitutional experts make the case that Trump committed an impeachable offense.
"If what we're talking about is not impeachable," said Michael Gerhardt, a University of North Carolina law professor, "then nothing is impeachable."
Pamela Karlan, a Stanford Law School professor, said the founding fathers were particularly concerned about foreign interference in American politics.
"The very idea that a president might seek the aid of a foreign government in his reelection campaign would have horrified them," Karlan said. "But based on the evidentiary record, that is what President Trump has done."
The lone dissenter was Jonathan Turley, a George Washington University professor, who said that though he himself is not a supporter of the president, he found the case against Trump legally weak and warned that it would "collapse" amid an absence of criminal intent.
Government and politics , Constitutions , Political corruption , Political issues , Law schools , Higher education , Education , Social affairs , Political parties , Political organizations , Impeachments
Jonathan Turley , Donald Trump , Pamela Karlan
University of North Carolina, George Washington University
District of Columbia , United States , North America , Ukraine , Eastern Europe , Europe