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Brazil Whale
Summary: Minke whale lost in tributary of Amazon river
Story No: 543968
Source: TV GLOBO
Aspect Ratio: 4:3
Date: 11/16/2007 08:48 PM


1. Medium of whale in water surrounded by rescuers

2. Wide of people in river pushing the whale towards deeper waters

3. Pull out from woman in river to wide of whale

4. Wide of whale in river

5. SOUNDBITE: (Portuguese) Unidentified fisherman:

"I was very surprised because it is the first time we have seen a whale in our community."

6. Pull out of people in river surrounding whale

7. Mid of whale

8. Whale being checked for injuries by biologist

9. SOUNDBITE: (Portuguese) Fabia Luna, Biologist from the Chico Mendes Institute (End of soundbite overlaid by shot 10):

"The only thing we know for certain is that the whale got off its route. It came into the river, which is very abnormal, and it swam 1500 kilometres (932 miles) upstream into the river. So, it is very unusual."

10. Smiling man trying to hold on to the whale


An 18-foot (5.5-metre) minke whale ran aground in the Tapajos river in the Amazon jungle some 1,000 miles (1,600 kilometres) from the ocean, Brazilian media reported on Friday.

Globo television broadcast images of dozens of people gathered along the river splashing water on the animal, whose back and dorsal fin were out of water and exposed to the hot Amazon sun.

Sea creatures rarely venture so far into fresh water.

Biologist Fabio Luna said it apparently got separated from its group and swam upstream.

"It came into the river, which is very abnormal, and it swam 1500 kilometres (932 miles) upstream into the river. So, it is very unusual,"said Luna.

Scientists said the whale weighed about 12 tons, and were working to dislodge the mammal and return it to the ocean.

The whale ran aground Wednesday near Santarem in Para state as stated by Globo television sources.

The International Whaling Commission Scientific Committee estimates there are about 184-thousand minke whales in the central and northeast Atlantic Ocean.

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Subjects: Whales, Animals, Whales, Mammals
Locations: Amazon River, Atlantic Ocean, Brazil, South America, Latin America and Caribbean
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Brazil Drought
Summary: Amazon suffers worst drought in its recorded history
Story No: 464952
Source: TV GLOBO
Aspect Ratio: 4:3
Date: 10/21/2005 12:34 AM


Amazon River Region, Amazon State, October, 20th, 2005

1. Aerial wide of the Amazon River region with small rivers and lakes suffering from drought

Lago dos Reis, Amazon State, October, 20th, 2005

2. Wide of local fisherman on lake

3. Pan showing lake full of dead fish

4. Detail shot of fish

5. SOUNDBITE: (Portuguese) Irave Nunes, Local Fisherman

"It's very sad to see this enormous quantity of fish dying. We consume some of the fishes, but we don't consume all of them. There are so many dead fish."

6. Wide of fisherman taking his boat with hundreds of dead fish around him

7. Wide of boat in the middle of the water full of dead fish

8. Wide of fish

9. Wide of lake with dead fish

Amazon River Area, October, 19th, 2005

10. Aerial shot of rivers with little water

11. Aerial shot of the empty rivers

12. Aerial shot of river with very small amount of water

13. Wide of a typical fish from the Amazon, called "Boto", that was found in a fisherman net

14. Closeup shot of the fish

Amazon River Region, October, 15th, 2005

15. Wide of helicopter with aid landing in a local community

16. Wide of helicopter with aid

Manaus, Capital of Amazon State, October, 18th, 2005

17. Aerial shot of people working to prepare the aid

18. Detail shot of medication

19. Wide of room where people is preparing the aid

20. Pan from boats to Negro River, showing the beach created due to drought


Brazil's government pledged 14 million (m) US dollars for relief efforts in the Amazon River basin, an area ravaged by the worst drought in decades.

Whilst thousands of families in the riverside communities are waiting for aid, the drought has also meant an ecological disaster with over 600 tons of fish already eradicated.

A decline in rainfall since January has lowered the main trunk of the Amazon river by some two metres ( 6.6 feet ) from its average water depth of 17 metres ( 55.8 feet ).

In the lake near the village of Lago dos Reis the dramatic reduction in the water levels has created a carpet of dead fish.

Authorities have expressed deep concern about dead fish and rotting river grass which will make the water undrinkable once waters begin to rise.

Brazil's government sent 18 tons of water purification tablets and 100 thousand basic food baskets to help the 167 thousand people affected by the drought.

Military transport planes and helicopters have been busy distributing food and medical supplies to 28 of the state's 61 municipalities since last Saturday, when Amazon State Governor Eduardo Braga declared the state of emergency.

Many tributaries have dried out almost entirely in a region where waterways often provide the only means of transport.

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Subjects: Emergency management, Accidents and disasters, Lakes, Government and politics, General news, Environment and nature
Organisations: Brazil government
Locations: Amazon River, Brazil, South America, Latin America and Caribbean
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Brazil Amazon
Summary: Troops arrive to enforce Amazon protection area
Story No: 442379
Source: TV Globo
Aspect Ratio: 4:3
Date: 02/19/2005 02:06 AM
People: Marina Silva, Luiz Inacio Lula da Silva, Luiz Inacio Lula


Rio de Janeiro - 18 February 2005

1. Various of protesters demanding justice for missionary''s murder

Belo Horizonte - 18 February 2005

2. Tilt-down from exterior of courthouse to protest

3. Zoom-out from poster of slain missionary Dorothy Stang to person holding cross

Anapu - 17 February 2005

4. Aerial of army helicopter flying over Amazon rainforest

5. Aerial of deforested area

6. Various of helicopter landing and soldiers leaving helicopter

7. Towns people watching troops arrive

8. Various of soldiers on guard

9. Soldier loading a machine gun

10. Walame Fiado Machado, federal police inspector, speaking with another person

11. SOUNDBITE (Portuguese) Walame Fiado Machado, federal police inspector:

"I am quite sure that they (the killers of Dorothy Stang) are not here in Anapu. But we think they''re in the region."

12. Various aerials of now-protected area and deforested areas

Brasilia - 17 February 2005

13. SOUNDBITE (Portuguese) Marina Silva, Brazil''s Environment Minister:

"(Economy) Minister (Antonio) Palocci was at the meeting to make sure the government doesn''t fail in creating and maintaining (the protected area)."

Belem do Para - 17 February 2005

14. Road closed because of protest

15. Various of protestors on the road

16. SOUNDBITE (Portuguese) Francisco Moura, leader of Para State Squatters Movement:

"What we want is the expropriation of land for rural workers because that is the only way we''ll sort out the question of crimes related to land."

17. Various of protest

18. Wide of trucks parked on road


More than 2-thousand Brazilian troops were in the country''s Amazon region on Friday searching for the killers of an American nun, as protesters in two major cities demanded justice for the missionary''s death.

Dorothy Stang, a 73-year-old American nun, was shot dead on Saturday for her work defending the Amazon rain forest and its poor communities.

She had been in a dispute with a powerful rancher over a near-pristine swath of jungle near Anapu 1,500 kilometres (900 miles) north of Brasilia, the capital.

On Friday, protesters in Rio de Janeiro and Belo Horizonte demanded justice for Stang''s death.

Walame Fiado Machado, who is heading the federal police investigation, said he believed Stang''s killers are in the region around Anapu.

On Thursday Brazilian President Luiz Inacio Lula da Silva launched measures to combat increasing violence in the area, where at least three people have been murdered since Stang''s death.

The measures include placing nearly 51,500 square kilometres (19,900 square miles) of Amazon land under federal environmental protection.

The decrees signed by Silva form a reserve of 3.3 million hectares (8.2 million acres) and a national park spanning 450-thousand hectares (1.1 million acres) in Para.

A new national forest and conservation areas totalling 1.4 million hectares (3.5 million acres) were also created in three other states in the Amazon.

Environment Minister Marina Silva said on Friday the government was planning on announcing the new protected areas on Monday, but Stang''s murder prompted the move of the announcement.

Officials say disputes among landowners and poor farmworkers who squat illegally on their land are among the main factors behind rising social tensions and crime in the area.

An association of squatters on Thursday closed a road to the capital of the Amazon state of Para to demand the government expropriate land for them.

The Amazon, which covers more than a half of Brazil, has for centuries been a source of pride and problems for the Brazilians.

According to the Pastoral Land Commission, a body of the Catholic Church, 30 land activists in Para State alone have received death threats.

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Subjects: Environmental conservation and preservation, National parks, Government and politics, Rain forests, Environment, Environment and nature, National parks, Parks, Outdoor recreation, Recreation and leisure, Lifestyle, National parks, Sightseeing, Leisure travel, Travel, Forests
People: Marina Silva, Luiz Inacio Lula da Silva, Luiz Inacio Lula
Organisations: Brazil government
Locations: Brazil, Belo Horizonte, Portugal, Brasilia, South America, Latin America and Caribbean, Western Europe, Europe
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Story No: 74687
Source: TV GLOBO
Aspect Ratio: 4:3
Date: 03/13/1998 04:00 AM

Natural Sound

Fires raging out of control have claimed a quarter of a Brazilian state in some of the worst such blazes ever seen in the Amazon.

A huge cloud of smoke - nearly 200 miles (320 kms) in diameter - covers the state of Roraima, 2,000 miles (3,200 kms) northwest of Rio de Janeiro.

Local experts say it could take more than 100 years for the area to fully recover.

These raging forest fires in northwestern Brazil are some of the worst ever seen.

The fires have destroyed about 22,000 square miles of pasture and forest in the 90,000-square-mile state of Roraima and claimed about 12,000 head of cattle.

Crop damage is estimated at 36 (m) million U-S dollars so far.

Indigenous tribes in the area are in danger of losing their lands to the fire as strong winds drive it relentlessly forwards.

Supplies of food for this Taurepang (tribe) village are low and residents are singing and praying for the fires to stop.

The fires are also threatening the Yanomami Indian reservation, home to about 3,000 Yanomami Indians, considered the world's largest surviving Stone Age tribe.

But local authorities, with only 80 firefighters and six fire engines, are unable to control the fires and rain is not expected until early April.

Roraima state, Brazil - 12 March 1998

1. Aerial shot of fire at night

2. Aerial shot of fire during daytime

3. Various aerials of fires

4. Computer animated map of where fires have broken out

5. Mid way of livestock fleeing flames

6. Sun beating down

7. Aerial of river

8. Various of fire

9. Tarepangues (tribe) Indian jungle village

10. Various of Indians in their village

11. 30 kilos of manioca - all there is to eat for next two weeks

12. Various of Indian family

13. Shots of abandoned Indian homes

14. Various of where fire has already torched

15. More day time shots of fire

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Subjects: Fires, Accidents and disasters, General news
Locations: Brazil, South America, Latin America and Caribbean
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